绿募化洒水车发宗机燃油体系何以养

索尼的OneSony败了,苹实OneApple也会成

南北战争谁赢了:斩获CCPC六冠王,正西北边DX5一齐竟牛在哪里?

2019年10月17日 22:53

【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【不】【少】【中】【学】【生】【在】【作】【文】【课】【上】【常】【常】【感】【到】【“】【没】【什】【么】【可】【写】【”】【,】【或】【抱】【着】【“】【抓】【到】【一】【个】【算】【一】【个】【”】【,】【“】【拾】【到】【篮】【里】【就】【是】【菜】【”】【的】【态】【度】【,】【这】【是】【不】【可】【取】【的】【。】【没】【有】【米】【,】【当】【然】【无】【以】【成】【粥】【;】【有】【了】【米】【呢】【,】【关】【键】【还】【要】【注】【意】【舂】【洗】【,】【去】【除】【杂】【质】【,】【这】【样】【烧】【成】【的】【粥】【才】【香】【甜】【可】【口】【。】【怎】【样】【把】【自】【己】【所】【汲】【取】【的】【材】【料】【用】【在】【作】【文】【里】【呢】【?】【这】【涉】【及】【文】【章】【的】【选】【材】【问】【题】【。】【选】【材】【就】【是】【细】【筛】【精】【选】【材】【料】【,】【即】【在】【确】【立】【文】【章】【主】【旨】【的】【基】【础】【上】【对】【占】【有】【的】【材】【料】【进】【行】【取】【舍】【的】【构】【思】【过】【程】【。】【如】【果】【选】【材】【得】【当】【,】【可】【以】【增】【强】【文】【章】【的】【表】【现】【力】【,】【让】【同】【学】【和】【老】【师】【刮】【目】【相】【看】【。】【如】【果】【选】【材】【不】【当】【,】【就】【会】【干】【扰】【、】【冲】【淡】【文】【章】【的】【主】【题】【,】【影】【响】【、】【削】【弱】【文】【章】【的】【说】【服】【力】【、】【感】【染】【力】【。】【从】【这】【个】【意】【义】【上】【说】【,】【选】【材】【的】【确】【是】【一】【门】【高】【超】【的】【写】【作】【艺】【术】【。】【那】【么】【,】【如】【何】【艺】【术】【地】【构】【建】【作】【文】【的】【选】【材】【策】【略】【呢】【?】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【一】【、】【切】【题】【性】【策】【略】【:】【体】【现】【选】【材】【的】【“】【准】【确】【”】【度】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【切】【题】【,】【指】【文】【章】【中】【所】【选】【用】【的】【材】【料】【要】【符】【合】【中】【心】【的】【需】【要】【,】【使】【材】【料】【的】【含】【义】【与】【主】【题】【完】【全】【一】【致】【。】【因】【为】【文】【章】【的】【中】【心】【是】【蕴】【涵】【渗】【透】【在】【材】【料】【之】【中】【的】【,】【特】【定】【的】【材】【料】【只】【能】【表】【现】【一】【个】【特】【定】【的】【中】【心】【,】【所】【以】【选】【材】【必】【须】【切】【题】【。】【要】【力】【求】【选】【取】【最】【能】【表】【现】【中】【心】【的】【材】【料】【,】【果】【断】【舍】【弃】【与】【中】【心】【无】【关】【的】【材】【料】【。】【万】【不】【可】【把】【跟】【中】【心】【毫】【无】【关】【系】【的】【材】【料】【堆】【砌】【起】【来】【硬】【凑】【成】【一】【篇】【文】【章】【。】【这】【好】【比】【“】【煮】【鸡】【不】【煺】【毛】【”】【,】【鸡】【肉】【本】【是】【珍】【馐】【佳】【肴】【,】【若】【连】【毛】【一】【起】【煮】【,】【谁】【还】【愿】【吃】【?】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【我】【们】【熟】【知】【的】【鲁】【迅】【先】【生】【的】【小】【说】【《】【孔】【乙】【己】【》】【,】【它】【之】【所】【以】【脍】【炙】【人】【口】【,】【恐】【怕】【跟】【作】【者】【精】【心】【的】【选】【材】【不】【无】【关】【系】【。】【文】【章】【浓】【墨】【重】【彩】【地】【详】【写】【孔】【乙】【己】【那】【又】【脏】【又】【破】【的】【长】【衫】【、】【为】【掩】【饰】【偷】【书】【的】【辩】【白】【、】【之】【乎】【者】【也】【的】【谈】【吐】【以】【及】【教】【认】【“】【茴】【”】【字】【的】【四】【种】【写】【法】【。】【这】【些】【题】【材】【表】【现】【了】【孔】【乙】【己】【的】【迂】【腐】【、】【麻】【木】【,】【充】【分】【说】【明】【他】【受】【封】【建】【教】【育】【思】【想】【毒】【害】【之】【深】【,】【说】【明】【科】【举】【制】【度】【不】【是】【把】【人】【培】【养】【成】【丁】【举】【人】【那】【样】【的】【损】【人】【者】【,】【就】【是】【把】【人】【糟】【蹋】【成】【孔】【乙】【己】【这】【样】【的】【被】【损】【害】【者】【。】【而】【对】【孔】【乙】【己】【如】【何】【偷】【书】【、】【如】【何】【挨】【打】【的】【过】【程】【,】【虽】【从】【侧】【面】【略】【写】【,】【但】【这】【些】【材】【料】【也】【与】【表】【达】【中】【心】【有】【关】【系】【,】【只】【不】【过】【作】【者】【采】【用】【这】【种】【有】【正】【有】【侧】【,】【有】【详】【有】【略】【的】【描】【写】【,】【使】【故】【事】【情】【节】【有】【起】【有】【伏】【,】【一】【味】【详】【或】【一】【味】【略】【都】【会】【使】【读】【者】【感】【到】【厌】【倦】【。】【总】【之】【,】【材】【料】【要】【服】【从】【“】【意】【”】【的】【安】【排】【,】【要】【以】【“】【意】【”】【统】【材】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【切】【题】【的】【问】【题】【如】【此】【重】【要】【,】【而】【中】【学】【生】【作】【文】【中】【的】【选】【材】【毛】【病】【却】【又】【常】【常】【出】【在】【这】【里】【。】【究】【其】【原】【因】【有】【二】【:】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【.】【 】【不】【勤】【于】【排】【列】【筛】【选】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【一】【些】【学】【生】【写】【作】【文】【喜】【欢】【速】【成】【,】【提】【笔】【便】【写】【,】【写】【完】【后】【忽】【然】【感】【到】【还】【有】【更】【切】【题】【的】【材】【料】【。】【怎】【么】【办】【?】【删】【去】【重】【写】【。】【倘】【在】【平】【时】【,】【倒】【也】【罢】【了】【;】【若】【是】【限】【时】【作】【文】【,】【删】【吧】【不】【允】【许】【,】【不】【删】【吧】【却】【不】【甘】【心】【。】【这】【样】【岂】【不】【搞】【得】【很】【尴】【尬】【?】【如】【果】【在】【动】【笔】【前】【给】【自】【己】【留】【点】【时】【间】【,】【将】【所】【有】【能】【够】【想】【到】【的】【材】【料】【都】【集】【中】【起】【来】【,】【给】【它】【们】【排】【排】【队】【,】【从】【中】【确】【定】【哪】【些】【材】【料】【该】【用】【,】【哪】【些】【材】【料】【不】【该】【用】【,】【哪】【些】【材】【料】【先】【用】【,】【哪】【些】【材】【料】【后】【用】【,】【经】【过】【一】【番】【排】【列】【筛】【选】【,】【就】【不】【会】【手】【忙】【脚】【乱】【、】【顾】【此】【失】【彼】【了】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【2】【.】【 】【不】【善】【于】【选】【用】【辅】【助】【材】【料】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【有】【的】【学】【生】【时】【常】【感】【叹】【,】【同】【一】【件】【事】【、】【同】【一】【个】【人】【,】【别】【人】【写】【出】【来】【就】【格】【外】【细】【致】【、】【生】【动】【,】【而】【一】【到】【自】【己】【手】【里】【就】【干】【瘪】【得】【很】【。】【原】【因】【在】【于】【选】【材】【时】【只】【限】【于】【一】【些】【直】【接】【的】【、】【正】【面】【的】【表】【现】【主】【题】【的】【材】【料】【,】【而】【对】【那】【些】【间】【接】【的】【、】【侧】【面】【的】【材】【料】【则】【熟】【视】【无】【睹】【,】【冷】【落】【不】【用】【。】【这】【些】【辅】【助】【材】【料】【表】【面】【看】【上】【去】【似】【与】【写】【作】【意】【图】【没】【有】【多】【大】【关】【系】【,】【可】【是】【经】【过】【作】【者】【精】【巧】【的】【剪】【裁】【加】【工】【,】【却】【可】【以】【出】【人】【意】【料】【地】【对】【主】【题】【起】【到】【烘】【托】【、】【反】【衬】【、】【强】【化】【的】【作】【用】【,】【使】【文】【章】【血】【肉】【丰】【满】【,】【细】【腻】【感】【人】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【二】【、】【真】【实】【性】【策】【略】【:】【体】【现】【选】【材】【的】【“】【可】【信】【”】【度】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【清】【代】【学】【者】【钱】【谦】【益】【说】【:】【“】【真】【则】【精】【金】【美】【玉】【,】【伪】【则】【瓦】【砾】【粪】【土】【也】【。】【”】【这】【句】【话】【告】【诉】【我】【们】【在】【作】【文】【选】【材】【时】【,】【不】【只】【要】【看】【材】【料】【是】【否】【切】【题】【,】【还】【要】【看】【它】【是】【否】【真】【实】【,】【是】【否】【具】【有】【“】【可】【信】【”】【度】【。】【只】【有】【真】【实】【,】【只】【有】【信】【实】【,】【文】【章】【才】【有】【生】【命】【力】【,】【才】【能】【感】【动】【人】【、】【打】【动】【人】【。】【选】【材】【真】【实】【包】【含】【两】【方】【面】【内】【容】【:】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【?】【郾】【 】【生】【活】【真】【实】【:】【选】【取】【熟】【悉】【的】【材】【料】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【真】【实】【的】【材】【料】【,】【必】【然】【是】【为】【同】【学】【们】【所】【熟】【知】【的】【材】【料】【。】【法】【国】【艺】【术】【大】【师】【罗】【丹】【说】【过】【:】【“】【最】【美】【的】【题】【材】【摆】【在】【你】【们】【面】【前】【,】【那】【就】【是】【你】【们】【最】【熟】【悉】【的】【人】【物】【。】【”】【熟】【悉】【的】【材】【料】【,】【写】【起】【来】【才】【能】【得】【心】【应】【手】【。】【假】【如】【没】【有】【登】【过】【东】【岳】【,】【决】【不】【会】【有】【“】【一】【览】【众】【山】【小】【”】【的】【感】【受】【;】【如】【果】【没】【有】【见】【过】【庐】【山】【,】【一】【定】【不】【会】【产】【生】【“】【飞】【流】【直】【下】【三】【千】【尺】【”】【的】【共】【鸣】【。】【不】【置】【身】【于】【枫】【林】【晚】【景】【,】【哪】【有】【“】【霜】【叶】【红】【于】【二】【月】【花】【”】【之】【赞】【叹】【;】【不】【亲】【历】【水】【乡】【春】【天】【,】【怎】【会】【直】【抒】【“】【能】【不】【忆】【江】【南】【”】【之】【胸】【臆】【。】【中】【学】【生】【们】【初】【学】【写】【作】【,】【应】【该】【选】【取】【自】【己】【最】【为】【熟】【悉】【的】【人】【或】【事】【来】【写】【。】【在】【童】【年】【的】【漫】【长】【记】【忆】【中】【,】【一】【定】【有】【我】【们】【终】【生】【难】【忘】【的】【趣】【事】【;】【在】【朝】【夕】【相】【处】【的】【伙】【伴】【中】【,】【一】【定】【有】【我】【们】【情】【投】【意】【合】【的】【挚】【友】【;】【在】【成】【长】【的】【日】【历】【里】【,】【一】【定】【记】【载】【着】【我】【们】【的】【成】【功】【与】【失】【败】【。】【何】【不】【把】【它】【们】【拿】【来】【,】【使】【之】【成】【为】【同】【学】【们】【作】【文】【的】【最】【佳】【题】【材】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【朱】【自】【清】【的】【《】【背】【影】【》】【,】【一】【直】【是】【初】【中】【课】【本】【的】【保】【留】【篇】【目】【,】【感】【动】【过】【一】【代】【又】【一】【代】【读】【者】【,】【教】【育】【了】【一】【代】【又】【一】【代】【学】【子】【。】【然】【而】【,】【这】【篇】【文】【章】【的】【语】【言】【极】【其】【质】【朴】【无】【华】【,】【何】【以】【这】【般】【感】【人】【至】【深】【?】【一】【个】【重】【要】【原】【因】【就】【是】【作】【者】【写】【的】【是】【自】【己】【的】【亲】【身】【经】【历】【、】【亲】【身】【感】【受】【,】【人】【真】【事】【真】【,】【情】【真】【意】【真】【。】【每】【个】【人】【都】【有】【自】【己】【的】【家】【庭】【,】【家】【庭】【是】【同】【学】【们】【生】【活】【的】【摇】【篮】【。】【家】【庭】【里】【有】【我】【们】【最】【熟】【悉】【的】【人】【和】【事】【,】【有】【我】【们】【最】【受】【感】【动】【的】【材】【料】【。】【这】【儿】【有】【温】【馨】【,】【有】【和】【谐】【,】【有】【天】【下】【最】【博】【大】【深】【沉】【、】【最】【细】【腻】【真】【挚】【的】【亲】【情】【,】【父】【母】【之】【恩】【、】【祖】【孙】【之】【爱】【、】【手】【足】【之】【情】【…】【…】【但】【这】【里】【也】【不】【常】【是】【宁】【静】【的】【港】【湾】【,】【有】【时】【也】【会】【风】【波】【骤】【起】【,】【让】【人】【好】【生】【烦】【恼】【。】【其】【实】【,】【亲】【昵】【也】【罢】【,】【唠】【叨】【也】【罢】【,】【攀】【谈】【也】【罢】【,】【争】【执】【也】【罢】【,】【此】【间】【蕴】【涵】【的】【永】【远】【是】【人】【类】【最】【圣】【洁】【的】【情】【愫】【。】【还】【记】【否】【?】【那】【委】【屈】【后】【的】【一】【句】【慰】【藉】【,】【那】【挫】【折】【后】【的】【一】【次】【抚】【摸】【,】【不】【似】【那】【春】【风】【细】【雨】【滋】【润】【心】【头】【?】【无】【须】【惊】【讶】【,】【家】【庭】【生】【活】【可】【能】【是】【平】【凡】【的】【甚】【至】【是】【平】【淡】【的】【,】【家】【庭】【故】【事】【可】【能】【是】【单】【纯】【的】【甚】【至】【是】【单】【调】【的】【,】【但】【只】【要】【用】【心】【体】【会】【,】【努】【力】【挖】【掘】【出】【心】【灵】【深】【处】【某】【段】【不】【寻】【常】【的】【历】【程】【,】【或】【许】【记】【下】【亲】【人】【间】【的】【一】【个】【细】【小】【动】【作】【、】【一】【个】【细】【微】【情】【节】【、】【一】【个】【眼】【神】【、】【一】【种】【姿】【势】【,】【以】【此】【传】【达】【自】【己】【真】【真】【切】【切】【的】【亲】【情】【感】【受】【和】【对】【家】【庭】【生】【活】【的】【深】【刻】【理】【解】【,】【就】【会】【写】【出】【一】【个】【动】【人】【的】【家】【,】【让】【人】【震】【颤】【,】【让】【人】【共】【鸣】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【选】【材】【真】【实】【是】【文】【章】【的】【生】【命】【保】【证】【。】【那】【些】【胡】【编】【乱】【造】【的】【所】【谓】【“】【感】【人】【”】【故】【事】【,】【只】【会】【让】【读】【者】【反】【感】【。】【有】【一】【些】【学】【生】【为】【了】【表】【明】【自】【己】【的】【“】【崇】【高】【”】【,】【文】【章】【始】【终】【不】【离】【“】【车】【上】【让】【座】【”】【、】【“】【捐】【钱】【救】【灾】【”】【“】【入】【水】【救】【人】【”】【等】【。】【我】【们】【希】【望】【社】【会】【充】【满】【关】【怀】【,】【充】【满】【和】【谐】【,】【可】【是】【我】【们】【不】【希】【望】【学】【生】【的】【文】【章】【里】【始】【终】【充】【满】【假】【话】【、】【充】【满】【谎】【言】【。】【俗】【话】【说】【:】【不】【真】【读】【者】【无】【。】【选】【择】【熟】【悉】【的】【材】【料】【,】【固】【然】【要】【抛】【弃】【那】【些】【胡】【乱】【地】【编】【造】【故】【事】【、】【想】【当】【然】【地】【塑】【造】【人】【物】【以】【及】【无】【中】【生】【有】【地】【捏】【造】【感】【情】【的】【做】【法】【。】【然】【而】【,】【如】【果】【一】【味】【地】【直】【录】【生】【活】【,】【不】【作】【任】【何】【剪】【接】【加】【工】【,】【甚】【至】【把】【那】【些】【不】【成】【熟】【的】【感】【受】【、】【不】【健】【康】【的】【情】【调】【也】【带】【进】【文】【章】【中】【来】【,】【这】【样】【的】【文】【章】【只】【会】【黯】【然】【失】【色】【,】【何】【谈】【动】【人】【?】【这】【也】【正】【是】【下】【文】【要】【谈】【到】【的】【选】【材】【真】【实】【的】【又】【一】【方】【面】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【2】【.】【 】【艺】【术】【真】【实】【:】【提】【炼】【典】【型】【材】【料】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【没】【有】【真】【实】【生】【活】【,】【就】【没】【有】【文】【章】【的】【源】【泉】【。】【没】【有】【艺】【术】【真】【实】【,】【文】【章】【就】【失】【去】【了】【感】【人】【的】【魅】【力】【,】【是】【谓】【“】【无】【假】【文】【章】【少】【”】【。】【“】【假】【”】【,】【不】【是】【选】【材】【上】【的】【“】【虚】【假】【”】【,】【而】【是】【艺】【术】【上】【的】【“】【虚】【构】【”】【,】【即】【在】【真】【实】【生】【活】【的】【基】【础】【上】【进】【行】【技】【巧】【性】【的】【加】【工】【,】【如】【设】【置】【悬】【念】【、】【修】【饰】【语】【言】【等】【。】【它】【摒】【弃】【作】【文】【中】【对】【生】【活】【原】【封】【不】【动】【的】【反】【映】【,】【力】【求】【化】【实】【为】【虚】【、】【由】【虚】【而】【实】【、】【虚】【实】【相】【生】【。】【一】【堆】【乱】【石】【荒】【草】【,】【本】【无】【多】【少】【美】【感】【,】【很】【有】【可】【能】【成】【为】【扫】【除】【的】【对】【象】【,】【但】【在】【画】【家】【笔】【下】【,】【却】【是】【一】【幅】【绝】【美】【的】【天】【然】【图】【画】【。】【这】【“】【图】【画】【”】【,】【是】【画】【家】【心】【之】【感】【悟】【,】【是】【一】【种】【艺】【术】【的】【真】【实】【。】【由】【“】【乱】【石】【荒】【草】【”】【到】【“】【图】【画】【”】【,】【有】【一】【个】【提】【炼】【加】【工】【的】【过】【程】【,】【这】【个】【过】【程】【就】【是】【由】【“】【真】【”】【到】【“】【假】【”】【、】【由】【“】【生】【活】【真】【实】【”】【到】【“】【艺】【术】【真】【实】【”】【。】【同】【样】【,】【作】【家】【在】【选】【材】【中】【也】【常】【循】【此】【规】【律】【,】【小】【到】【一】【句】【话】【,】【大】【至】【一】【个】【人】【物】【,】【都】【要】【作】【艺】【术】【处】【理】【,】【进】【行】【必】【要】【的】【“】【包】【装】【”】【。】【鲁】【迅】【先】【生】【在】【《】【阿】【Q】【正】【传】【》】【中】【,】【把】【现】【实】【生】【活】【里】【许】【多】【人】【相】【类】【似】【的】【性】【格】【浓】【缩】【并】【加】【以】【夸】【张】【,】【集】【中】【于】【阿】【Q】【这】【个】【人】【物】【身】【上】【,】【尽】【管】【阿】【Q】【这】【个】【人】【物】【在】【现】【实】【生】【活】【中】【是】【没】【有】【的】【,】【但】【他】【的】【性】【格】【却】【能】【在】【许】【多】【人】【身】【上】【找】【出】【来】【。】【这】【个】【放】【大】【的】【、】【包】【装】【了】【的】【阿】【Q】【性】【格】【,】【更】【典】【型】【、】【更】【集】【中】【地】【反】【映】【了】【人】【物】【的】【本】【质】【特】【征】【,】【从】【而】【成】【为】【文】【学】【史】【上】【的】【不】【朽】【形】【象】【。】【这】【里】【要】【告】【诉】【同】【学】【们】【,】【在】【作】【文】【中】【,】【无】【论】【是】【写】【人】【、】【叙】【事】【,】【还】【是】【状】【物】【,】【很】【需】【要】【豁】【达】【一】【点】【、】【变】【通】【一】【点】【、】【灵】【巧】【一】【点】【,】【既】【尊】【重】【生】【活】【又】【不】【拘】【泥】【于】【生】【活】【原】【色】【,】【方】【能】【使】【文】【章】【达】【到】【反】【映】【生】【活】【、】【服】【务】【生】【活】【并】【高】【于】【生】【活】【的】【目】【的】【。】【这】【样】【的】【文】【章】【,】【才】【更】【富】【有】【积】【极】【感】【人】【的】【魅】【力】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【三】【、】【新】【颖】【性】【策】【略】【:】【体】【现】【选】【材】【的】【“】【效】【”】【度】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【新】【颖】【的】【材】【料】【,】【就】【是】【别】【人】【没】【有】【发】【现】【使】【用】【过】【的】【材】【料】【,】【抑】【或】【别】【人】【写】【过】【却】【还】【能】【从】【中】【写】【出】【新】【意】【的】【材】【料】【。】【材】【料】【新】【颖】【生】【动】【,】【写】【起】【来】【才】【能】【留】【有】【回】【味】【,】【读】【起】【来】【才】【能】【生】【动】【活】【泼】【。】【这】【样】【来】【选】【材】【,】【必】【能】【使】【作】【文】【产】【生】【令】【人】【耳】【目】【一】【新】【之】【效】【果】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【学】【生】【在】【选】【材】【过】【程】【中】【常】【有】【这】【样】【的】【困】【惑】【:】【自】【己】【与】【其】【他】【同】【学】【生】【活】【、】【处】【境】【没】【什】【么】【大】【差】【别】【,】【日】【子】【平】【淡】【得】【近】【乎】【于】【单】【调】【,】【能】【有】【什】【么】【新】【颖】【的】【素】【材】【呢】【?】【写】【同】【窗】【总】【难】【忘】【“】【半】【块】【橡】【皮】【”】【,】【写】【父】【母】【总】【牵】【扯】【到】【“】【一】【把】【雨】【伞】【”】【,】【写】【爱】【心】【总】【离】【不】【开】【“】【希】【望】【工】【程】【”】【。】【诸】【如】【此】【类】【,】【把】【生】【活】【生】【硬】【分】【割】【,】【使】【人】【读】【之】【生】【厌】【。】【特】【别】【是】【写】【老】【师】【,】【一】【些】【同】【学】【的】【习】【作】【在】【选】【材】【上】【常】【犯】【“】【公】【式】【化】【”】【的】【毛】【病】【,】【一】【般】【都】【写】【老】【师】【有】【一】【头】【被】【粉】【笔】【染】【白】【的】【头】【发】【,】【刻】【苦】【钻】【研】【的】【精】【神】【,】【辛】【勤】【备】【课】【、】【上】【课】【,】【认】【真】【批】【改】【作】【业】【,】【个】【别】【辅】【导】【,】【等】【等】【。】【不】【仅】【如】【此】【,】【许】【多】【学】【生】【的】【老】【师】【都】【有】【一】【个】【惊】【人】【的】【特】【点】【:】【爱】【生】【病】【。】【好】【像】【学】【生】【特】【别】【喜】【欢】【老】【师】【生】【病】【,】【如】【果】【老】【师】【不】【生】【病】【便】【没】【有】【题】【材】【可】【写】【了】【。】【这】【样】【写】【出】【来】【的】【老】【师】【千】【篇】【一】【律】【、】【千】【人】【一】【面】【,】【没】【有】【个】【性】【,】【使】【文】【章】【失】【去】【了】【生】【命】【力】【。】【出】【现】【这】【种】【情】【况】【的】【原】【因】【,】【在】【于】【同】【学】【们】【对】【老】【师】【缺】【乏】【深】【入】【细】【致】【的】【了】【解】【,】【缺】【少】【师】【生】【间】【的】【个】【性】【情】【缘】【,】【由】【于】【“】【眼】【中】【无】【师】【”】【和】【“】【胸】【中】【无】【师】【”】【,】【自】【然】【不】【会】【有】【“】【手】【中】【之】【师】【”】【,】【只】【好】【按】【头】【脑】【中】【固】【有】【的】【“】【老】【师】【模】【式】【”】【凭】【空】【编】【造】【故】【事】【。】【不】【错】【,】【老】【师】【有】【老】【师】【的】【共】【性】【,】【他】【们】【为】【人】【师】【表】【、】【呕】【心】【沥】【血】【、】【对】【学】【生】【关】【怀】【备】【至】【,】【但】【他】【们】【又】【有】【个】【性】【:】【有】【的】【老】【师】【温】【和】【,】【有】【的】【老】【师】【严】【谨】【;】【有】【的】【老】【师】【如】【朋】【友】【,】【有】【的】【老】【师】【是】【长】【者】【;】【有】【的】【老】【师】【似】【一】【缕】【春】【风】【,】【有】【的】【老】【师】【如】【一】【丝】【秋】【雨】【;】【有】【的】【老】【师】【像】【热】【情】【的】【路】【标】【,】【有】【的】【老】【师】【如】【冷】【峻】【的】【航】【灯】【…】【…】【凡】【此】【种】【种】【,】【都】【是】【写】【作】【的】【极】【好】【素】【材】【,】【很】【可】【惜】【,】【这】【些】【个】【性】【化】【的】【老】【师】【,】【我】【们】【很】【多】【同】【学】【却】【没】【能】【留】【心】【。】【怎】【样】【才】【能】【在】【作】【文】【中】【写】【出】【新】【意】【,】【别】【具】【一】【格】【呢】【?】【用】【自】【己】【的】【慧】【眼】【去】【发】【现】【吧】【。】【其】【实】【生】【活】【中】【的】【美】【是】【无】【处】【不】【在】【的】【。】【有】【位】【学】【生】【独】【辟】【蹊】【径】【,】【从】【喜】【、】【怒】【、】【哀】【、】【乐】【四】【方】【面】【选】【取】【了】【四】【件】【事】【,】【展】【示】【了】【一】【位】【老】【师】【献】【身】【教】【育】【事】【业】【的】【精】【神】【风】【貌】【。】【这】【位】【老】【师】【为】【学】【生】【的】【主】【动】【改】【错】【而】【高】【兴】【,】【为】【发】【现】【学】【生】【晨】【练】【掉】【队】【而】【生】【气】【,】【为】【自】【己】【未】【能】【为】【老】【父】【送】【终】【而】【伤】【怀】【,】【为】【参】【加】【学】【生】【的】【毕】【业】【典】【礼】【而】【快】【乐】【。】【独】【特】【新】【颖】【的】【四】【件】【事】【,】【生】【动】【地】【描】【绘】【出】【这】【位】【老】【师】【的】【形】【象】【,】【从】【而】【开】【辟】【了】【选】【材】【的】【新】【天】【地】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【新】【颖】【的】【材】【料】【并】【不】【仅】【指】【那】【些】【新】【奇】【、】【新】【潮】【的】【事】【。】【选】【材】【新】【颖】【,】【不】【是】【要】【学】【生】【脱】【离】【生】【活】【,】【恰】【恰】【是】【要】【他】【们】【对】【生】【活】【予】【以】【观】【照】【,】【用】【心】【体】【会】【生】【活】【。】【大】【凡】【从】【生】【活】【环】【境】【中】【选】【取】【的】【具】【有】【个】【性】【特】【点】【的】【材】【料】【都】【是】【新】【颖】【的】【,】【这】【些】【材】【料】【必】【须】【是】【从】【学】【生】【的】【心】【灵】【里】【歌】【唱】【出】【来】【的】【。】【我】【们】【的】【家】【庭】【生】【活】【、】【学】【校】【生】【活】【、】【社】【会】【生】【活】【是】【那】【么】【丰】【富】【多】【彩】【,】【只】【要】【学】【生】【能】【留】【心】【体】【验】【,】【笔】【触】【何】【愁】【不】【开】【阔】【?】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【我】【们】【期】【待】【着】【中】【学】【生】【在】【作】【文】【中】【能】【自】【觉】【地】【遵】【循】【选】【材】【的】【可】【信】【度】【、】【准】【确】【度】【和】【有】【效】【度】【,】【能】【艺】【术】【地】【构】【建】【好】【自】【己】【的】【选】【材】【策】【略】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】

【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【不】【少】【中】【学】【生】【在】【作】【文】【课】【上】【常】【常】【感】【到】【“】【没】【什】【么】【可】【写】【”】【,】【或】【抱】【着】【“】【抓】【到】【一】【个】【算】【一】【个】【”】【,】【“】【拾】【到】【篮】【里】【就】【是】【菜】【”】【的】【态】【度】【,】【这】【是】【不】【可】【取】【的】【。】【没】【有】【米】【,】【当】【然】【无】【以】【成】【粥】【;】【有】【了】【米】【呢】【,】【关】【键】【还】【要】【注】【意】【舂】【洗】【,】【去】【除】【杂】【质】【,】【这】【样】【烧】【成】【的】【粥】【才】【香】【甜】【可】【口】【。】【怎】【样】【把】【自】【己】【所】【汲】【取】【的】【材】【料】【用】【在】【作】【文】【里】【呢】【?】【这】【涉】【及】【文】【章】【的】【选】【材】【问】【题】【。】【选】【材】【就】【是】【细】【筛】【精】【选】【材】【料】【,】【即】【在】【确】【立】【文】【章】【主】【旨】【的】【基】【础】【上】【对】【占】【有】【的】【材】【料】【进】【行】【取】【舍】【的】【构】【思】【过】【程】【。】【如】【果】【选】【材】【得】【当】【,】【可】【以】【增】【强】【文】【章】【的】【表】【现】【力】【,】【让】【同】【学】【和】【老】【师】【刮】【目】【相】【看】【。】【如】【果】【选】【材】【不】【当】【,】【就】【会】【干】【扰】【、】【冲】【淡】【文】【章】【的】【主】【题】【,】【影】【响】【、】【削】【弱】【文】【章】【的】【说】【服】【力】【、】【感】【染】【力】【。】【从】【这】【个】【意】【义】【上】【说】【,】【选】【材】【的】【确】【是】【一】【门】【高】【超】【的】【写】【作】【艺】【术】【。】【那】【么】【,】【如】【何】【艺】【术】【地】【构】【建】【作】【文】【的】【选】【材】【策】【略】【呢】【?】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【一】【、】【切】【题】【性】【策】【略】【:】【体】【现】【选】【材】【的】【“】【准】【确】【”】【度】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【切】【题】【,】【指】【文】【章】【中】【所】【选】【用】【的】【材】【料】【要】【符】【合】【中】【心】【的】【需】【要】【,】【使】【材】【料】【的】【含】【义】【与】【主】【题】【完】【全】【一】【致】【。】【因】【为】【文】【章】【的】【中】【心】【是】【蕴】【涵】【渗】【透】【在】【材】【料】【之】【中】【的】【,】【特】【定】【的】【材】【料】【只】【能】【表】【现】【一】【个】【特】【定】【的】【中】【心】【,】【所】【以】【选】【材】【必】【须】【切】【题】【。】【要】【力】【求】【选】【取】【最】【能】【表】【现】【中】【心】【的】【材】【料】【,】【果】【断】【舍】【弃】【与】【中】【心】【无】【关】【的】【材】【料】【。】【万】【不】【可】【把】【跟】【中】【心】【毫】【无】【关】【系】【的】【材】【料】【堆】【砌】【起】【来】【硬】【凑】【成】【一】【篇】【文】【章】【。】【这】【好】【比】【“】【煮】【鸡】【不】【煺】【毛】【”】【,】【鸡】【肉】【本】【是】【珍】【馐】【佳】【肴】【,】【若】【连】【毛】【一】【起】【煮】【,】【谁】【还】【愿】【吃】【?】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【我】【们】【熟】【知】【的】【鲁】【迅】【先】【生】【的】【小】【说】【《】【孔】【乙】【己】【》】【,】【它】【之】【所】【以】【脍】【炙】【人】【口】【,】【恐】【怕】【跟】【作】【者】【精】【心】【的】【选】【材】【不】【无】【关】【系】【。】【文】【章】【浓】【墨】【重】【彩】【地】【详】【写】【孔】【乙】【己】【那】【又】【脏】【又】【破】【的】【长】【衫】【、】【为】【掩】【饰】【偷】【书】【的】【辩】【白】【、】【之】【乎】【者】【也】【的】【谈】【吐】【以】【及】【教】【认】【“】【茴】【”】【字】【的】【四】【种】【写】【法】【。】【这】【些】【题】【材】【表】【现】【了】【孔】【乙】【己】【的】【迂】【腐】【、】【麻】【木】【,】【充】【分】【说】【明】【他】【受】【封】【建】【教】【育】【思】【想】【毒】【害】【之】【深】【,】【说】【明】【科】【举】【制】【度】【不】【是】【把】【人】【培】【养】【成】【丁】【举】【人】【那】【样】【的】【损】【人】【者】【,】【就】【是】【把】【人】【糟】【蹋】【成】【孔】【乙】【己】【这】【样】【的】【被】【损】【害】【者】【。】【而】【对】【孔】【乙】【己】【如】【何】【偷】【书】【、】【如】【何】【挨】【打】【的】【过】【程】【,】【虽】【从】【侧】【面】【略】【写】【,】【但】【这】【些】【材】【料】【也】【与】【表】【达】【中】【心】【有】【关】【系】【,】【只】【不】【过】【作】【者】【采】【用】【这】【种】【有】【正】【有】【侧】【,】【有】【详】【有】【略】【的】【描】【写】【,】【使】【故】【事】【情】【节】【有】【起】【有】【伏】【,】【一】【味】【详】【或】【一】【味】【略】【都】【会】【使】【读】【者】【感】【到】【厌】【倦】【。】【总】【之】【,】【材】【料】【要】【服】【从】【“】【意】【”】【的】【安】【排】【,】【要】【以】【“】【意】【”】【统】【材】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【切】【题】【的】【问】【题】【如】【此】【重】【要】【,】【而】【中】【学】【生】【作】【文】【中】【的】【选】【材】【毛】【病】【却】【又】【常】【常】【出】【在】【这】【里】【。】【究】【其】【原】【因】【有】【二】【:】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【.】【 】【不】【勤】【于】【排】【列】【筛】【选】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【一】【些】【学】【生】【写】【作】【文】【喜】【欢】【速】【成】【,】【提】【笔】【便】【写】【,】【写】【完】【后】【忽】【然】【感】【到】【还】【有】【更】【切】【题】【的】【材】【料】【。】【怎】【么】【办】【?】【删】【去】【重】【写】【。】【倘】【在】【平】【时】【,】【倒】【也】【罢】【了】【;】【若】【是】【限】【时】【作】【文】【,】【删】【吧】【不】【允】【许】【,】【不】【删】【吧】【却】【不】【甘】【心】【。】【这】【样】【岂】【不】【搞】【得】【很】【尴】【尬】【?】【如】【果】【在】【动】【笔】【前】【给】【自】【己】【留】【点】【时】【间】【,】【将】【所】【有】【能】【够】【想】【到】【的】【材】【料】【都】【集】【中】【起】【来】【,】【给】【它】【们】【排】【排】【队】【,】【从】【中】【确】【定】【哪】【些】【材】【料】【该】【用】【,】【哪】【些】【材】【料】【不】【该】【用】【,】【哪】【些】【材】【料】【先】【用】【,】【哪】【些】【材】【料】【后】【用】【,】【经】【过】【一】【番】【排】【列】【筛】【选】【,】【就】【不】【会】【手】【忙】【脚】【乱】【、】【顾】【此】【失】【彼】【了】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【2】【.】【 】【不】【善】【于】【选】【用】【辅】【助】【材】【料】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【有】【的】【学】【生】【时】【常】【感】【叹】【,】【同】【一】【件】【事】【、】【同】【一】【个】【人】【,】【别】【人】【写】【出】【来】【就】【格】【外】【细】【致】【、】【生】【动】【,】【而】【一】【到】【自】【己】【手】【里】【就】【干】【瘪】【得】【很】【。】【原】【因】【在】【于】【选】【材】【时】【只】【限】【于】【一】【些】【直】【接】【的】【、】【正】【面】【的】【表】【现】【主】【题】【的】【材】【料】【,】【而】【对】【那】【些】【间】【接】【的】【、】【侧】【面】【的】【材】【料】【则】【熟】【视】【无】【睹】【,】【冷】【落】【不】【用】【。】【这】【些】【辅】【助】【材】【料】【表】【面】【看】【上】【去】【似】【与】【写】【作】【意】【图】【没】【有】【多】【大】【关】【系】【,】【可】【是】【经】【过】【作】【者】【精】【巧】【的】【剪】【裁】【加】【工】【,】【却】【可】【以】【出】【人】【意】【料】【地】【对】【主】【题】【起】【到】【烘】【托】【、】【反】【衬】【、】【强】【化】【的】【作】【用】【,】【使】【文】【章】【血】【肉】【丰】【满】【,】【细】【腻】【感】【人】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【二】【、】【真】【实】【性】【策】【略】【:】【体】【现】【选】【材】【的】【“】【可】【信】【”】【度】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【清】【代】【学】【者】【钱】【谦】【益】【说】【:】【“】【真】【则】【精】【金】【美】【玉】【,】【伪】【则】【瓦】【砾】【粪】【土】【也】【。】【”】【这】【句】【话】【告】【诉】【我】【们】【在】【作】【文】【选】【材】【时】【,】【不】【只】【要】【看】【材】【料】【是】【否】【切】【题】【,】【还】【要】【看】【它】【是】【否】【真】【实】【,】【是】【否】【具】【有】【“】【可】【信】【”】【度】【。】【只】【有】【真】【实】【,】【只】【有】【信】【实】【,】【文】【章】【才】【有】【生】【命】【力】【,】【才】【能】【感】【动】【人】【、】【打】【动】【人】【。】【选】【材】【真】【实】【包】【含】【两】【方】【面】【内】【容】【:】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【?】【郾】【 】【生】【活】【真】【实】【:】【选】【取】【熟】【悉】【的】【材】【料】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【真】【实】【的】【材】【料】【,】【必】【然】【是】【为】【同】【学】【们】【所】【熟】【知】【的】【材】【料】【。】【法】【国】【艺】【术】【大】【师】【罗】【丹】【说】【过】【:】【“】【最】【美】【的】【题】【材】【摆】【在】【你】【们】【面】【前】【,】【那】【就】【是】【你】【们】【最】【熟】【悉】【的】【人】【物】【。】【”】【熟】【悉】【的】【材】【料】【,】【写】【起】【来】【才】【能】【得】【心】【应】【手】【。】【假】【如】【没】【有】【登】【过】【东】【岳】【,】【决】【不】【会】【有】【“】【一】【览】【众】【山】【小】【”】【的】【感】【受】【;】【如】【果】【没】【有】【见】【过】【庐】【山】【,】【一】【定】【不】【会】【产】【生】【“】【飞】【流】【直】【下】【三】【千】【尺】【”】【的】【共】【鸣】【。】【不】【置】【身】【于】【枫】【林】【晚】【景】【,】【哪】【有】【“】【霜】【叶】【红】【于】【二】【月】【花】【”】【之】【赞】【叹】【;】【不】【亲】【历】【水】【乡】【春】【天】【,】【怎】【会】【直】【抒】【“】【能】【不】【忆】【江】【南】【”】【之】【胸】【臆】【。】【中】【学】【生】【们】【初】【学】【写】【作】【,】【应】【该】【选】【取】【自】【己】【最】【为】【熟】【悉】【的】【人】【或】【事】【来】【写】【。】【在】【童】【年】【的】【漫】【长】【记】【忆】【中】【,】【一】【定】【有】【我】【们】【终】【生】【难】【忘】【的】【趣】【事】【;】【在】【朝】【夕】【相】【处】【的】【伙】【伴】【中】【,】【一】【定】【有】【我】【们】【情】【投】【意】【合】【的】【挚】【友】【;】【在】【成】【长】【的】【日】【历】【里】【,】【一】【定】【记】【载】【着】【我】【们】【的】【成】【功】【与】【失】【败】【。】【何】【不】【把】【它】【们】【拿】【来】【,】【使】【之】【成】【为】【同】【学】【们】【作】【文】【的】【最】【佳】【题】【材】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【朱】【自】【清】【的】【《】【背】【影】【》】【,】【一】【直】【是】【初】【中】【课】【本】【的】【保】【留】【篇】【目】【,】【感】【动】【过】【一】【代】【又】【一】【代】【读】【者】【,】【教】【育】【了】【一】【代】【又】【一】【代】【学】【子】【。】【然】【而】【,】【这】【篇】【文】【章】【的】【语】【言】【极】【其】【质】【朴】【无】【华】【,】【何】【以】【这】【般】【感】【人】【至】【深】【?】【一】【个】【重】【要】【原】【因】【就】【是】【作】【者】【写】【的】【是】【自】【己】【的】【亲】【身】【经】【历】【、】【亲】【身】【感】【受】【,】【人】【真】【事】【真】【,】【情】【真】【意】【真】【。】【每】【个】【人】【都】【有】【自】【己】【的】【家】【庭】【,】【家】【庭】【是】【同】【学】【们】【生】【活】【的】【摇】【篮】【。】【家】【庭】【里】【有】【我】【们】【最】【熟】【悉】【的】【人】【和】【事】【,】【有】【我】【们】【最】【受】【感】【动】【的】【材】【料】【。】【这】【儿】【有】【温】【馨】【,】【有】【和】【谐】【,】【有】【天】【下】【最】【博】【大】【深】【沉】【、】【最】【细】【腻】【真】【挚】【的】【亲】【情】【,】【父】【母】【之】【恩】【、】【祖】【孙】【之】【爱】【、】【手】【足】【之】【情】【…】【…】【但】【这】【里】【也】【不】【常】【是】【宁】【静】【的】【港】【湾】【,】【有】【时】【也】【会】【风】【波】【骤】【起】【,】【让】【人】【好】【生】【烦】【恼】【。】【其】【实】【,】【亲】【昵】【也】【罢】【,】【唠】【叨】【也】【罢】【,】【攀】【谈】【也】【罢】【,】【争】【执】【也】【罢】【,】【此】【间】【蕴】【涵】【的】【永】【远】【是】【人】【类】【最】【圣】【洁】【的】【情】【愫】【。】【还】【记】【否】【?】【那】【委】【屈】【后】【的】【一】【句】【慰】【藉】【,】【那】【挫】【折】【后】【的】【一】【次】【抚】【摸】【,】【不】【似】【那】【春】【风】【细】【雨】【滋】【润】【心】【头】【?】【无】【须】【惊】【讶】【,】【家】【庭】【生】【活】【可】【能】【是】【平】【凡】【的】【甚】【至】【是】【平】【淡】【的】【,】【家】【庭】【故】【事】【可】【能】【是】【单】【纯】【的】【甚】【至】【是】【单】【调】【的】【,】【但】【只】【要】【用】【心】【体】【会】【,】【努】【力】【挖】【掘】【出】【心】【灵】【深】【处】【某】【段】【不】【寻】【常】【的】【历】【程】【,】【或】【许】【记】【下】【亲】【人】【间】【的】【一】【个】【细】【小】【动】【作】【、】【一】【个】【细】【微】【情】【节】【、】【一】【个】【眼】【神】【、】【一】【种】【姿】【势】【,】【以】【此】【传】【达】【自】【己】【真】【真】【切】【切】【的】【亲】【情】【感】【受】【和】【对】【家】【庭】【生】【活】【的】【深】【刻】【理】【解】【,】【就】【会】【写】【出】【一】【个】【动】【人】【的】【家】【,】【让】【人】【震】【颤】【,】【让】【人】【共】【鸣】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【选】【材】【真】【实】【是】【文】【章】【的】【生】【命】【保】【证】【。】【那】【些】【胡】【编】【乱】【造】【的】【所】【谓】【“】【感】【人】【”】【故】【事】【,】【只】【会】【让】【读】【者】【反】【感】【。】【有】【一】【些】【学】【生】【为】【了】【表】【明】【自】【己】【的】【“】【崇】【高】【”】【,】【文】【章】【始】【终】【不】【离】【“】【车】【上】【让】【座】【”】【、】【“】【捐】【钱】【救】【灾】【”】【“】【入】【水】【救】【人】【”】【等】【。】【我】【们】【希】【望】【社】【会】【充】【满】【关】【怀】【,】【充】【满】【和】【谐】【,】【可】【是】【我】【们】【不】【希】【望】【学】【生】【的】【文】【章】【里】【始】【终】【充】【满】【假】【话】【、】【充】【满】【谎】【言】【。】【俗】【话】【说】【:】【不】【真】【读】【者】【无】【。】【选】【择】【熟】【悉】【的】【材】【料】【,】【固】【然】【要】【抛】【弃】【那】【些】【胡】【乱】【地】【编】【造】【故】【事】【、】【想】【当】【然】【地】【塑】【造】【人】【物】【以】【及】【无】【中】【生】【有】【地】【捏】【造】【感】【情】【的】【做】【法】【。】【然】【而】【,】【如】【果】【一】【味】【地】【直】【录】【生】【活】【,】【不】【作】【任】【何】【剪】【接】【加】【工】【,】【甚】【至】【把】【那】【些】【不】【成】【熟】【的】【感】【受】【、】【不】【健】【康】【的】【情】【调】【也】【带】【进】【文】【章】【中】【来】【,】【这】【样】【的】【文】【章】【只】【会】【黯】【然】【失】【色】【,】【何】【谈】【动】【人】【?】【这】【也】【正】【是】【下】【文】【要】【谈】【到】【的】【选】【材】【真】【实】【的】【又】【一】【方】【面】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【2】【.】【 】【艺】【术】【真】【实】【:】【提】【炼】【典】【型】【材】【料】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【没】【有】【真】【实】【生】【活】【,】【就】【没】【有】【文】【章】【的】【源】【泉】【。】【没】【有】【艺】【术】【真】【实】【,】【文】【章】【就】【失】【去】【了】【感】【人】【的】【魅】【力】【,】【是】【谓】【“】【无】【假】【文】【章】【少】【”】【。】【“】【假】【”】【,】【不】【是】【选】【材】【上】【的】【“】【虚】【假】【”】【,】【而】【是】【艺】【术】【上】【的】【“】【虚】【构】【”】【,】【即】【在】【真】【实】【生】【活】【的】【基】【础】【上】【进】【行】【技】【巧】【性】【的】【加】【工】【,】【如】【设】【置】【悬】【念】【、】【修】【饰】【语】【言】【等】【。】【它】【摒】【弃】【作】【文】【中】【对】【生】【活】【原】【封】【不】【动】【的】【反】【映】【,】【力】【求】【化】【实】【为】【虚】【、】【由】【虚】【而】【实】【、】【虚】【实】【相】【生】【。】【一】【堆】【乱】【石】【荒】【草】【,】【本】【无】【多】【少】【美】【感】【,】【很】【有】【可】【能】【成】【为】【扫】【除】【的】【对】【象】【,】【但】【在】【画】【家】【笔】【下】【,】【却】【是】【一】【幅】【绝】【美】【的】【天】【然】【图】【画】【。】【这】【“】【图】【画】【”】【,】【是】【画】【家】【心】【之】【感】【悟】【,】【是】【一】【种】【艺】【术】【的】【真】【实】【。】【由】【“】【乱】【石】【荒】【草】【”】【到】【“】【图】【画】【”】【,】【有】【一】【个】【提】【炼】【加】【工】【的】【过】【程】【,】【这】【个】【过】【程】【就】【是】【由】【“】【真】【”】【到】【“】【假】【”】【、】【由】【“】【生】【活】【真】【实】【”】【到】【“】【艺】【术】【真】【实】【”】【。】【同】【样】【,】【作】【家】【在】【选】【材】【中】【也】【常】【循】【此】【规】【律】【,】【小】【到】【一】【句】【话】【,】【大】【至】【一】【个】【人】【物】【,】【都】【要】【作】【艺】【术】【处】【理】【,】【进】【行】【必】【要】【的】【“】【包】【装】【”】【。】【鲁】【迅】【先】【生】【在】【《】【阿】【Q】【正】【传】【》】【中】【,】【把】【现】【实】【生】【活】【里】【许】【多】【人】【相】【类】【似】【的】【性】【格】【浓】【缩】【并】【加】【以】【夸】【张】【,】【集】【中】【于】【阿】【Q】【这】【个】【人】【物】【身】【上】【,】【尽】【管】【阿】【Q】【这】【个】【人】【物】【在】【现】【实】【生】【活】【中】【是】【没】【有】【的】【,】【但】【他】【的】【性】【格】【却】【能】【在】【许】【多】【人】【身】【上】【找】【出】【来】【。】【这】【个】【放】【大】【的】【、】【包】【装】【了】【的】【阿】【Q】【性】【格】【,】【更】【典】【型】【、】【更】【集】【中】【地】【反】【映】【了】【人】【物】【的】【本】【质】【特】【征】【,】【从】【而】【成】【为】【文】【学】【史】【上】【的】【不】【朽】【形】【象】【。】【这】【里】【要】【告】【诉】【同】【学】【们】【,】【在】【作】【文】【中】【,】【无】【论】【是】【写】【人】【、】【叙】【事】【,】【还】【是】【状】【物】【,】【很】【需】【要】【豁】【达】【一】【点】【、】【变】【通】【一】【点】【、】【灵】【巧】【一】【点】【,】【既】【尊】【重】【生】【活】【又】【不】【拘】【泥】【于】【生】【活】【原】【色】【,】【方】【能】【使】【文】【章】【达】【到】【反】【映】【生】【活】【、】【服】【务】【生】【活】【并】【高】【于】【生】【活】【的】【目】【的】【。】【这】【样】【的】【文】【章】【,】【才】【更】【富】【有】【积】【极】【感】【人】【的】【魅】【力】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【三】【、】【新】【颖】【性】【策】【略】【:】【体】【现】【选】【材】【的】【“】【效】【”】【度】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【新】【颖】【的】【材】【料】【,】【就】【是】【别】【人】【没】【有】【发】【现】【使】【用】【过】【的】【材】【料】【,】【抑】【或】【别】【人】【写】【过】【却】【还】【能】【从】【中】【写】【出】【新】【意】【的】【材】【料】【。】【材】【料】【新】【颖】【生】【动】【,】【写】【起】【来】【才】【能】【留】【有】【回】【味】【,】【读】【起】【来】【才】【能】【生】【动】【活】【泼】【。】【这】【样】【来】【选】【材】【,】【必】【能】【使】【作】【文】【产】【生】【令】【人】【耳】【目】【一】【新】【之】【效】【果】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【学】【生】【在】【选】【材】【过】【程】【中】【常】【有】【这】【样】【的】【困】【惑】【:】【自】【己】【与】【其】【他】【同】【学】【生】【活】【、】【处】【境】【没】【什】【么】【大】【差】【别】【,】【日】【子】【平】【淡】【得】【近】【乎】【于】【单】【调】【,】【能】【有】【什】【么】【新】【颖】【的】【素】【材】【呢】【?】【写】【同】【窗】【总】【难】【忘】【“】【半】【块】【橡】【皮】【”】【,】【写】【父】【母】【总】【牵】【扯】【到】【“】【一】【把】【雨】【伞】【”】【,】【写】【爱】【心】【总】【离】【不】【开】【“】【希】【望】【工】【程】【”】【。】【诸】【如】【此】【类】【,】【把】【生】【活】【生】【硬】【分】【割】【,】【使】【人】【读】【之】【生】【厌】【。】【特】【别】【是】【写】【老】【师】【,】【一】【些】【同】【学】【的】【习】【作】【在】【选】【材】【上】【常】【犯】【“】【公】【式】【化】【”】【的】【毛】【病】【,】【一】【般】【都】【写】【老】【师】【有】【一】【头】【被】【粉】【笔】【染】【白】【的】【头】【发】【,】【刻】【苦】【钻】【研】【的】【精】【神】【,】【辛】【勤】【备】【课】【、】【上】【课】【,】【认】【真】【批】【改】【作】【业】【,】【个】【别】【辅】【导】【,】【等】【等】【。】【不】【仅】【如】【此】【,】【许】【多】【学】【生】【的】【老】【师】【都】【有】【一】【个】【惊】【人】【的】【特】【点】【:】【爱】【生】【病】【。】【好】【像】【学】【生】【特】【别】【喜】【欢】【老】【师】【生】【病】【,】【如】【果】【老】【师】【不】【生】【病】【便】【没】【有】【题】【材】【可】【写】【了】【。】【这】【样】【写】【出】【来】【的】【老】【师】【千】【篇】【一】【律】【、】【千】【人】【一】【面】【,】【没】【有】【个】【性】【,】【使】【文】【章】【失】【去】【了】【生】【命】【力】【。】【出】【现】【这】【种】【情】【况】【的】【原】【因】【,】【在】【于】【同】【学】【们】【对】【老】【师】【缺】【乏】【深】【入】【细】【致】【的】【了】【解】【,】【缺】【少】【师】【生】【间】【的】【个】【性】【情】【缘】【,】【由】【于】【“】【眼】【中】【无】【师】【”】【和】【“】【胸】【中】【无】【师】【”】【,】【自】【然】【不】【会】【有】【“】【手】【中】【之】【师】【”】【,】【只】【好】【按】【头】【脑】【中】【固】【有】【的】【“】【老】【师】【模】【式】【”】【凭】【空】【编】【造】【故】【事】【。】【不】【错】【,】【老】【师】【有】【老】【师】【的】【共】【性】【,】【他】【们】【为】【人】【师】【表】【、】【呕】【心】【沥】【血】【、】【对】【学】【生】【关】【怀】【备】【至】【,】【但】【他】【们】【又】【有】【个】【性】【:】【有】【的】【老】【师】【温】【和】【,】【有】【的】【老】【师】【严】【谨】【;】【有】【的】【老】【师】【如】【朋】【友】【,】【有】【的】【老】【师】【是】【长】【者】【;】【有】【的】【老】【师】【似】【一】【缕】【春】【风】【,】【有】【的】【老】【师】【如】【一】【丝】【秋】【雨】【;】【有】【的】【老】【师】【像】【热】【情】【的】【路】【标】【,】【有】【的】【老】【师】【如】【冷】【峻】【的】【航】【灯】【…】【…】【凡】【此】【种】【种】【,】【都】【是】【写】【作】【的】【极】【好】【素】【材】【,】【很】【可】【惜】【,】【这】【些】【个】【性】【化】【的】【老】【师】【,】【我】【们】【很】【多】【同】【学】【却】【没】【能】【留】【心】【。】【怎】【样】【才】【能】【在】【作】【文】【中】【写】【出】【新】【意】【,】【别】【具】【一】【格】【呢】【?】【用】【自】【己】【的】【慧】【眼】【去】【发】【现】【吧】【。】【其】【实】【生】【活】【中】【的】【美】【是】【无】【处】【不】【在】【的】【。】【有】【位】【学】【生】【独】【辟】【蹊】【径】【,】【从】【喜】【、】【怒】【、】【哀】【、】【乐】【四】【方】【面】【选】【取】【了】【四】【件】【事】【,】【展】【示】【了】【一】【位】【老】【师】【献】【身】【教】【育】【事】【业】【的】【精】【神】【风】【貌】【。】【这】【位】【老】【师】【为】【学】【生】【的】【主】【动】【改】【错】【而】【高】【兴】【,】【为】【发】【现】【学】【生】【晨】【练】【掉】【队】【而】【生】【气】【,】【为】【自】【己】【未】【能】【为】【老】【父】【送】【终】【而】【伤】【怀】【,】【为】【参】【加】【学】【生】【的】【毕】【业】【典】【礼】【而】【快】【乐】【。】【独】【特】【新】【颖】【的】【四】【件】【事】【,】【生】【动】【地】【描】【绘】【出】【这】【位】【老】【师】【的】【形】【象】【,】【从】【而】【开】【辟】【了】【选】【材】【的】【新】【天】【地】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【新】【颖】【的】【材】【料】【并】【不】【仅】【指】【那】【些】【新】【奇】【、】【新】【潮】【的】【事】【。】【选】【材】【新】【颖】【,】【不】【是】【要】【学】【生】【脱】【离】【生】【活】【,】【恰】【恰】【是】【要】【他】【们】【对】【生】【活】【予】【以】【观】【照】【,】【用】【心】【体】【会】【生】【活】【。】【大】【凡】【从】【生】【活】【环】【境】【中】【选】【取】【的】【具】【有】【个】【性】【特】【点】【的】【材】【料】【都】【是】【新】【颖】【的】【,】【这】【些】【材】【料】【必】【须】【是】【从】【学】【生】【的】【心】【灵】【里】【歌】【唱】【出】【来】【的】【。】【我】【们】【的】【家】【庭】【生】【活】【、】【学】【校】【生】【活】【、】【社】【会】【生】【活】【是】【那】【么】【丰】【富】【多】【彩】【,】【只】【要】【学】【生】【能】【留】【心】【体】【验】【,】【笔】【触】【何】【愁】【不】【开】【阔】【?】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【我】【们】【期】【待】【着】【中】【学】【生】【在】【作】【文】【中】【能】【自】【觉】【地】【遵】【循】【选】【材】【的】【可】【信】【度】【、】【准】【确】【度】【和】【有】【效】【度】【,】【能】【艺】【术】【地】【构】【建】【好】【自】【己】【的】【选】【材】【策】【略】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】南北战争谁赢了【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【爱】【是】【无】【可】【厚】【非】【的】【,】【但】【爱】【的】【方】【式】【却】【大】【有】【不】【同】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【曾】【经】【看】【过】【一】【篇】【叫】【《】【天】【鹅】【之】【死】【》】【的】【散】【文】【。】【文】【中】【的】【渔】【翁】【夫】【妇】【住】【在】【一】【个】【孤】【岛】【上】【。】【一】【天】【,】【一】【群】【南】【飞】【天】【鹅】【来】【到】【了】【这】【个】【小】【岛】【上】【,】【夫】【妇】【俩】【非】【常】【欢】【喜】【地】【拿】【出】【喂】【鸡】【的】【饲】【料】【和】【打】【来】【的】【小】【鱼】【招】【待】【天】【鹅】【,】【并】【让】【它】【们】【进】【屋】【烤】【火】【取】【暖】【。】【整】【个】【冬】【天】【,】【夫】【妇】【俩】【给】【了】【天】【鹅】【很】【多】【的】【爱】【。】【然】【而】【,】【当】【夫】【妇】【俩】【离】【开】【小】【岛】【的】【第】【二】【个】【寒】【冬】【,】【天】【鹅】【因】【湖】【面】【封】【冻】【没】【有】【食】【物】【可】【吃】【,】【最】【后】【死】【去】【了】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【渔】【翁】【夫】【妇】【对】【天】【鹅】【的】【爱】【很】【感】【人】【,】【但】【他】【们】【万】【万】【没】【有】【想】【到】【,】【就】【是】【这】【感】【人】【的】【爱】【使】【得】【天】【鹅】【不】【再】【想】【着】【迁】【徙】【,】【不】【再】【具】【备】【与】【自】【然】【抗】【争】【的】【力】【量】【了】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【现】【在】【,】【许】【多】【人】【都】【无】【私】【地】【奉】【献】【出】【自】【己】【的】【爱】【,】【他】【们】【认】【为】【:】【付】【出】【的】【爱】【越】【多】【,】【越】【造】【福】【子】【孙】【。】【其】【实】【真】【心】【的】【爱】【不】【需】【要】【过】【量】【,】【过】【分】【的】【爱】【叫】【溺】【爱】【,】【这】【样】【的】【爱】【是】【有】【百】【害】【而】【无】【一】【利】【的】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【现】【今】【,】【每】【年】【都】【有】【很】【多】【大】【、】【中】【、】【小】【学】【生】【因】【父】【母】【的】【关】【爱】【太】【多】【,】【而】【感】【到】【压】【力】【太】【大】【,】【最】【终】【放】【弃】【自】【己】【宝】【贵】【的】【生】【命】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【有】【这】【样】【一】【个】【女】【孩】【,】【父】【母】【为】【了】【让】【她】【全】【身】【心】【投】【入】【到】【学】【习】【中】【,】【所】【以】【总】【是】【给】【予】【她】【最】【好】【的】【照】【顾】【,】【使】【她】【觉】【得】【不】【拿】【最】【高】【分】【,】【不】【排】【第】【一】【名】【实】【在】【是】【对】【不】【起】【父】【母】【。】【因】【此】【,】【她】【苦】【学】【苦】【熬】【,】【长】【久】【以】【来】【,】【她】【在】【老】【师】【眼】【里】【是】【一】【个】【永】【远】【都】【拿】【第】【一】【的】【好】【学】【生】【。】【但】【是】【,】【人】【生】【之】【路】【不】【可】【能】【永】【远】【都】【是】【一】【帆】【风】【顺】【。】【一】【次】【考】【试】【,】【女】【孩】【以】【一】【分】【之】【差】【而】【得】【了】【第】【二】【名】【,】【她】【顿】【时】【觉】【得】【日】【月】【无】【光】【,】【觉】【得】【愧】【对】【父】【母】【对】【自】【己】【的】【诸】【多】【关】【爱】【,】【一】【时】【想】【不】【开】【就】【结】【束】【了】【自】【己】【短】【暂】【而】【宝】【贵】【的】【生】【命】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【这】【对】【父】【母】【自】【认】【为】【给】【了】【女】【儿】【世】【上】【伟】【大】【的】【爱】【,】【但】【因】【为】【他】【们】【爱】【得】【太】【过】【分】【,】【女】【儿】【已】【经】【承】【受】【不】【起】【了】【,】【无】【论】【如】【何】【他】【们】【也】【没】【想】【到】【他】【们】【竟】【成】【为】【杀】【害】【女】【儿】【的】【“】【间】【接】【凶】【手】【”】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【世】【界】【呼】【吁】【爱】【,】【社】【会】【需】【要】【爱】【,】【人】【们】【渴】【望】【爱】【。】【但】【是】【,】【请】【人】【们】【在】【无】【私】【地】【奉】【献】【出】【爱】【的】【同】【时】【,】【好】【好】【想】【一】【想】【,】【这】【过】【量】【的】【爱】【,】【会】【不】【会】【造】【成】【一】【种】【伤】【害】【?】【最】【后】【,】【让】【我】【以】【《】【天】【鹅】【之】【死】【》】【里】【面】【一】【段】【话】【结】【尾】【,】【希】【望】【能】【给】【总】【是】【“】【无】【私】【地】【奉】【献】【爱】【”】【的】【人】【们】【敲】【响】【警】【钟】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【“】【的】【确】【,】【在】【这】【个】【世】【界】【上】【,】【人】【人】【都】【需】【要】【无】【私】【的】【爱】【,】【可】【是】【,】【有】【时】【爱】【也】【是】【一】【种】【伤】【害】【,】【并】【且】【是】【致】【命】【的】【。】【”】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【(】【指】【导】【老】【师】【:】【胡】【建】【新】【)】【<】【b】【r】【>】

【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【实】【验】【学】【校】【高】【密】【度】【、】【快】【节】【奏】【的】【学】【习】【生】【活】【,】【让】【我】【忘】【掉】【了】【从】【小】【学】【到】【初】【中】【过】【渡】【阶】【段】【的】【紧】【张】【、】【迷】【茫】【、】【无】【助】【的】【痛】【苦】【。】【老】【师】【的】【教】【诲】【、】【亲】【友】【的】【宽】【慰】【、】【同】【学】【的】【扶】【助】【,】【催】【熟】【了】【我】【自】【主】【教】【育】【、】【自】【主】【学】【习】【、】【自】【主】【发】【展】【的】【新】【思】【维】【。】【挤】【一】【点】【属】【于】【自】【己】【的】【时】【间】【,】【静】【静】【地】【穿】【梭】【于】【记】【忆】【的】【时】【空】【,】【定】【格】【在】【小】【学】【五】【年】【级】【…】【…】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【一】【节】【语】【文】【课】【上】【,】【老】【师】【的】【手】【机】【突】【然】【响】【起】【,】【她】【走】【到】【教】【室】【外】【接】【听】【。】【再】【次】【进】【入】【室】【内】【,】【老】【师】【说】【有】【一】【点】【急】【事】【要】【办】【,】【她】【给】【我】【们】【布】【置】【了】【作】【业】【,】【嘱】【咐】【班】【干】【部】【维】【持】【好】【纪】【律】【。】【临】【走】【前】【,】【老】【师】【还】【特】【意】【说】【:】【“】【你】【们】【要】【好】【好】【做】【作】【业】【,】【我】【在】【办】【公】【室】【里】【,】【随】【时】【可】【能】【回】【来】【。】【”】【说】【完】【,】【她】【就】【走】【了】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【老】【师】【前】【脚】【刚】【迈】【出】【门】【槛】【,】【原】【本】【鸦】【雀】【无】【声】【的】【教】【室】【立】【即】【人】【声】【鼎】【沸】【起】【来】【。】【有】【的】【在】【讨】【论】【昨】【晚】【的】【动】【画】【片】【、】【电】【视】【剧】【;】【有】【的】【在】【谈】【“】【八】【卦】【”】【,】【什】【么】【某】【某】【明】【星】【昨】【天】【自】【杀】【,】【某】【某】【明】【星】【刚】【拍】【了】【一】【部】【什】【么】【影】【视】【大】【片】【;】【有】【一】【个】【女】【生】【在】【吃】【零】【食】【,】【可】【能】【是】【太】【辣】【了】【,】【她】【的】【眼】【泪】【都】【流】【了】【出】【来】【,】【还】【用】【手】【在】【嘴】【巴】【前】【扇】【着】【说】【:】【“】【谁】【有】【水】【,】【快】【给】【我】【喝】【一】【口】【!】【”】【我】【的】【同】【桌】【赶】【忙】【拿】【出】【水】【来】【递】【给】【她】【。】【接】【过】【水】【壶】【,】【她】【不】【再】【理】【会】【什】【么】【淑】【女】【形】【象】【,】【“】【咕】【噜】【、】【咕】【噜】【”】【几】【大】【口】【下】【肚】【。】【喝】【完】【之】【后】【,】【她】【不】【好】【意】【思】【地】【笑】【了】【笑】【,】【在】【“】【谢】【谢】【”】【声】【中】【把】【水】【壶】【还】【给】【了】【我】【的】【同】【桌】【。】【在】【这】【么】【喧】【闹】【的】【时】【刻】【,】【有】【几】【个】【同】【学】【仍】【然】【“】【一】【心】【只】【读】【圣】【贤】【书】【”】【。】【我】【则】【明】【哲】【保】【身】【地】【采】【取】【看】【在】【眼】【里】【、】【听】【在】【心】【里】【的】【态】【度】【观】【看】【眼】【前】【的】【一】【切】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【正】【当】【同】【学】【们】【说】【得】【很】【激】【烈】【的】【时】【候】【,】【“】【咚】【咚】【咚】【”】【响】【起】【了】【敲】【门】【声】【,】【吓】【得】【同】【学】【们】【快】【速】【回】【归】【原】【位】【。】【第】【一】【排】【的】【同】【学】【一】【看】【同】【学】【们】【已】【经】【各】【就】【各】【位】【,】【才】【不】【慌】【不】【忙】【地】【打】【开】【门】【,】【一】【看】【不】【是】【老】【师】【,】【是】【一】【个】【男】【生】【搞】【的】【恶】【作】【剧】【,】【同】【学】【们】【再】【一】【次】【笑】【翻】【了】【天】【,】【大】【家】【的】【能】【量】【又】【开】【始】【尽】【情】【地】【“】【释】【放】【”】【。】【看】【到】【同】【桌】【因】【为】【刚】【才】【的】【慌】【乱】【拿】【倒】【了】【书】【,】【我】【也】【加】【入】【到】【欢】【笑】【的】【行】【列】【。】【有】【的】【男】【生】【开】【始】【在】【地】【上】【画】【五】【子】【棋】【盘】【,】【有】【的】【男】【生】【在】【谈】【论】【旅】【游】【,】【只】【听】【一】【个】【同】【学】【说】【:】【“】【我】【去】【的】【地】【方】【可】【多】【了】【,】【故】【宫】【、】【长】【城】【、】【秦】【始】【皇】【陵】【、】【兵】【马】【俑】【…】【…】【”】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【“】【咚】【咚】【咚】【”】【的】【敲】【门】【声】【再】【次】【响】【起】【,】【同】【学】【们】【迅】【速】【向】【那】【个】【搞】【恶】【作】【剧】【的】【同】【学】【看】【去】【,】【他】【两】【手】【一】【摊】【,】【我】【们】【明】【白】【,】【语】【文】【老】【师】【回】【来】【了】【。】【门】【再】【次】【被】【同】【学】【打】【开】【,】【老】【师】【的】【法】【眼】【里】【是】【一】【片】【认】【真】【写】【作】【业】【的】【学】【生】【们】【,】【她】【满】【意】【地】【笑】【了】【…】【…】【奇】【怪】【,】【老】【师】【的】【“】【法】【耳】【”】【难】【道】【没】【听】【见】【教】【室】【里】【炸】【开】【了】【锅】【的】【声】【音】【?】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【大】【爱】【无】【声】【,】【大】【教】【无】【形】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【微】【格】【素】【材】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【虽】【是】【见】【春】【迟】【,】【还】【免】【逢】【秋】【早】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【【】【出】【处】【】】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【明】【·】【高】【启】【《】【叹】【墙】【下】【草】【》】【:】【“】【青】【青】【墙】【下】【草】【,】【经】【霜】【未】【枯】【槁】【。】【虽】【是】【见】【春】【迟】【,】【还】【免】【逢】【秋】【早】【。】【”】【(】【墙】【下】【的】【青】【青】【小】【草】【,】【经】【霜】【之】【后】【仍】【然】【没】【有】【枯】【槁】【。】【虽】【然】【见】【到】【春】【光】【时】【晚】【了】【一】【些】【,】【但】【却】【也】【能】【免】【于】【早】【早】【地】【遇】【到】【秋】【天】【。】【)】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【【】【哲】【理】【链】【接】【】】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【墙】【下】【的】【小】【草】【生】【得】【迟】【,】【枯】【得】【也】【迟】【。】【世】【间】【的】【生】【物】【,】【总】【是】【先】【生】【发】【的】【先】【衰】【亡】【,】【后】【生】【发】【的】【后】【衰】【亡】【,】【这】【是】【事】【物】【发】【展】【的】【规】【律】【。】【从】【另】【一】【个】【角】【度】【来】【说】【,】【事】【物】【都】【有】【两】【重】【性】【,】【有】【利】【的】【一】【面】【,】【也】【有】【不】【利】【的】【一】【面】【,】【小】【草】【“】【见】【春】【迟】【”】【这】【是】【不】【利】【的】【,】【但】【它】【因】【此】【也】【免】【于】【“】【逢】【秋】【早】【”】【,】【这】【又】【是】【有】【利】【的】【一】【面】【;】【好】【和】【坏】【,】【利】【与】【害】【都】【是】【对】【立】【统】【一】【的】【,】【是】【相】【对】【的】【,】【而】【不】【是】【绝】【对】【的】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】南北战争谁赢了【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【走】【过】【十】【五】【个】【春】【夏】【秋】【冬】【,】【我】【笑】【过】【哭】【过】【也】【痛】【过】【,】【却】【总】【怀】【着】【笃】【定】【不】【移】【的】【心】【一】【路】【向】【前】【。】【我】【成】【长】【中】【的】【每】【一】【个】【脚】【印】【,】【无】【不】【浸】【着】【坚】【持】【的】【汗】【水】【,】【它】【们】【追】【随】【在】【我】【的】【身】【后】【,】【折】【射】【出】【耀】【眼】【的】【光】【芒】【,】【见】【证】【我】【每】【一】【次】【的】【蜕】【变】【。】【坚】【持】【,】【让】【我】【从】【年】【幼】【无】【知】【的】【小】【鬼】【变】【为】【睿】【智】【好】【学】【的】【少】【年】【;】【坚】【持】【,】【让】【我】【从】【调】【皮】【捣】【蛋】【的】【“】【坏】【孩】【子】【”】【变】【为】【成】【绩】【优】【异】【的】【三】【好】【学】【生】【;】【坚】【持】【,】【让】【我】【从】【跌】【倒】【了】【无】【数】【次】【的】【失】【败】【者】【成】【为】【夺】【取】【成】【功】【的】【幸】【运】【儿】【。】【是】【的】【,】【坚】【持】【让】【我】【成】【长】【,】【没】【有】【它】【,】【也】【就】【没】【有】【现】【在】【的】【我】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【从】【小】【学】【起】【,】【我】【就】【是】【一】【个】【“】【体】【育】【白】【痴】【”】【。】【人】【家】【是】【“】【四】【肢】【发】【达】【,】【头】【脑】【简】【单】【”】【,】【而】【我】【却】【正】【好】【相】【反】【,】【学】【习】【成】【绩】【名】【列】【前】【茅】【,】【但】【体】【育】【却】【经】【常】【亮】【起】【红】【灯】【。】【不】【知】【是】【先】【天】【性】【身】【体】【素】【质】【差】【,】【还】【是】【后】【天】【锻】【炼】【过】【少】【,】【我】【连】【一】【个】【俯】【卧】【撑】【都】【做】【不】【标】【准】【。】【因】【此】【,】【我】【常】【常】【被】【老】【师】【当】【做】【教】【育】【同】【学】【的】【“】【反】【面】【教】【材】【”】【。】【但】【那】【一】【次】【,】【我】【没】【有】【再】【像】【往】【常】【那】【样】【畏】【缩】【,】【而】【是】【选】【择】【了】【努】【力】【坚】【持】【下】【去】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【那】【天】【体】【育】【课】【,】【刚】【刚】【跑】【完】【十】【五】【圈】【,】【老】【师】【便】【又】【要】【求】【我】【们】【伸】【开】【五】【指】【,】【双】【手】【撑】【地】【做】【二】【十】【个】【俯】【卧】【撑】【。】【站】【在】【队】【伍】【里】【的】【我】【,】【此】【时】【已】【是】【面】【红】【耳】【赤】【,】【大】【汗】【淋】【漓】【,】【连】【气】【都】【喘】【不】【过】【来】【。】【喉】【咙】【里】【是】【一】【阵】【阵】【干】【涩】【的】【疼】【,】【仿】【佛】【有】【火】【在】【燃】【烧】【。】【看】【着】【同】【学】【们】【一】【个】【个】【都】【撑】【在】【了】【地】【上】【,】【我】【迟】【疑】【着】【要】【不】【要】【请】【假】【休】【息】【,】【可】【身】【体】【里】【好】【像】【有】【个】【声】【音】【在】【叫】【喊】【:】【“】【不】【!】【你】【不】【能】【这】【么】【懦】【弱】【,】【二】【十】【个】【俯】【卧】【撑】【能】【累】【死】【你】【吗】【?】【!】【”】【可】【是】【,】【我】【…】【…】【管】【不】【了】【那】【么】【多】【了】【,】【硬】【着】【头】【皮】【也】【要】【做】【。】【我】【两】【手】【撑】【地】【,】【咬】【紧】【牙】【关】【,】【俯】【下】【身】【去】【,】【用】【尽】【全】【力】【,】【一】【个】【,】【两】【个】【…】【…】【十】【二】【个】【…】【…】【哎】【呀】【,】【不】【好】【,】【我】【全】【身】【都】【冒】【冷】【汗】【了】【,】【感】【觉】【身】【体】【软】【塌】【塌】【的】【,】【仿】【佛】【连】【呼】【吸】【都】【困】【难】【了】【。】【终】【于】【双】【手】【一】【软】【,】【瘫】【倒】【在】【地】【上】【。】【周】【围】【的】【同】【学】【一】【下】【子】【哄】【笑】【起】【来】【,】【我】【可】【顾】【不】【了】【这】【些】【,】【既】【然】【是】【自】【己】【认】【定】【要】【做】【的】【,】【就】【一】【定】【要】【坚】【持】【做】【到】【。】【我】【深】【深】【地】【吸】【了】【口】【气】【,】【拍】【拍】【手】【上】【的】【沙】【粒】【,】【重】【新】【做】【了】【起】【来】【,】【“】【一】【个】【,】【两】【个】【…】【…】【十】【九】【个】【…】【…】【二】【十】【个】【!】【”】【我】【心】【里】【一】【边】【数】【着】【数】【,】【一】【边】【不】【停】【地】【鼓】【励】【自】【己】【:】【“】【坚】【持】【!】【坚】【持】【!】【坚】【持】【就】【是】【胜】【利】【!】【”】【那】【一】【刹】【那】【,】【我】【感】【觉】【用】【尽】【了】【自】【己】【的】【全】【部】【力】【气】【,】【我】【终】【于】【做】【完】【了】【二】【十】【个】【。】【“】【呵】【呵】【,】【沈】【彦】【终】【于】【成】【功】【了】【!】【”】【同】【学】【们】【在】【为】【我】【的】【成】【功】【鼓】【掌】【欢】【呼】【!】【我】【无】【力】【地】【笑】【了】【笑】【,】【但】【却】【是】【发】【自】【内】【心】【的】【。】【是】【因】【为】【坚】【持】【到】【了】【终】【点】【,】【才】【会】【从】【心】【底】【绽】【放】【出】【真】【正】【喜】【悦】【的】【花】【朵】【吧】【!】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【此】【后】【,】【我】【整】【整】【休】【息】【了】【两】【天】【,】【才】【能】【像】【往】【常】【那】【样】【活】【动】【自】【如】【。】【虽】【然】【手】【臂】【还】【是】【酸】【酸】【的】【,】【但】【我】【认】【为】【我】【做】【得】【很】【对】【,】【这】【次】【经】【历】【不】【仅】【让】【我】【的】【体】【育】【成】【绩】【有】【了】【提】【高】【,】【更】【重】【要】【的】【是】【让】【我】【尝】【到】【了】【成】【功】【的】【甜】【蜜】【,】【它】【促】【使】【我】【更】【加】【勇】【敢】【地】【走】【下】【去】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【我】【知】【道】【坚】【持】【不】【是】【一】【天】【两】【天】【的】【事】【情】【,】【而】【是】【一】【辈】【子】【的】【功】【课】【。】【在】【漫】【漫】【人】【生】【路】【上】【,】【也】【许】【我】【还】【会】【遇】【到】【许】【多】【未】【知】【的】【挫】【折】【,】【那】【将】【比】【做】【二】【十】【个】【俯】【卧】【撑】【要】【困】【难】【得】【多】【,】【但】【是】【我】【相】【信】【,】【我】【们】【只】【要】【坚】【持】【不】【懈】【地】【奋】【斗】【,】【就】【能】【排】【除】【万】【难】【,】【走】【向】【成】【功】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】

南北战争谁赢了:“副什壹”:线上与线下VS查封杀与合干

【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【介】【绍】【物】【品】【,】【大】【致】【可】【分】【两】【种】【情】【况】【:】【一】【是】【着】【重】【于】【应】【用】【;】【介】【绍】【时】【,】【文】【字】【要】【简】【明】【,】【如】【医】【药】【介】【绍】【、】【家】【电】【使】【用】【须】【知】【等】【。】【另】【一】【种】【则】【以】【介】【绍】【物】【品】【知】【识】【为】【主】【。】【为】【说】【明】【物】【品】【性】【质】【、】【功】【用】【和】【演】【变】【发】【展】【。】【吸】【引】【读】【者】【关】【注】【,】【则】【多】【用】【形】【象】【化】【的】【表】【现】【方】【法】【。】【《】【牙】【刷】【自】【述】【》】【即】【属】【于】【后】【者】【。】【“】【牙】【刷】【”】【本】【为】【普】【通】【生】【活】【用】【品】【,】【如】【果】【平】【直】【道】【来】【,】【纵】【然】【有】【新】【的】【知】【识】【内】【容】【,】【也】【容】【易】【被】【忽】【略】【,】【不】【能】【引】【起】【读】【者】【的】【阅】【读】【兴】【趣】【。】【所】【以】【,】【《】【牙】【刷】【自】【述】【》】【一】【改】【程】【式】【化】【的】【说】【明】【方】【法】【,】【而】【是】【运】【用】【拟】【人】【修】【辞】【手】【段】【,】【设】【计】【由】【“】【牙】【刷】【自】【述】【”】【,】【将】【需】【要】【说】【明】【的】【知】【识】【融】【汇】【在】【一】【篇】【娓】【娓】【动】【听】【的】【“】【演】【说】【辞】【”】【中】【,】【语】【言】【有】【声】【有】【色】【,】【感】【情】【有】【起】【有】【伏】【,】【“】【牙】【刷】【”】【的】【种】【类】【、】【功】【用】【、】【演】【变】【等】【知】【识】【就】【在】【读】【者】【的】【会】【心】【一】【笑】【中】【顺】【势】【托】【出】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【且】【读】【文】【章】【:】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【牙】【刷】【自】【述】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【●】【上】【海】【师】【大】【附】【中】【刘】【孚】【瑛】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【姓】【名】【:】【牙】【刷】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【年】【龄】【:】【两】【个】【月】【零】【七】【天】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【民】【族】【:】【方】【头】【直】【柄】【族】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【职】【业】【:】【牙】【齿】【美】【容】【师】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【失】【业】【原】【因】【:】【刷】【毛】【弯】【曲】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【联】【系】【地】【址】【:】【床】【下】【杂】【物】【箱】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【大】【家】【好】【!】【我】【是】【牙】【刷】【。】【以】【上】【是】【我】【的】【简】【历】【,】【拜】【托】【大】【家】【替】【我】【找】【一】【份】【工】【作】【。】【或】【许】【有】【人】【会】【问】【:】【牙】【刷】【这】【一】【行】【干】【得】【不】【是】【挺】【好】【的】【,】【怎】【么】【会】【下】【岗】【?】【唉】【,】【一】【言】【难】【尽】【啊】【!】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【想】【当】【初】【,】【刚】【得】【到】【那】【份】【工】【作】【时】【,】【是】【何】【等】【风】【光】【:】【家】【住】【干】【净】【宽】【敞】【的】【漱】【口】【杯】【,】【每】【天】【只】【需】【工】【作】【二】【三】【次】【,】【空】【闲】【时】【便】【和】【牙】【膏】【侃】【大】【山】【;】【如】【遇】【主】【人】【出】【差】【,】【虽】【说】【宾】【馆】【里】【有】【洗】【漱】【用】【具】【,】【但】【主】【人】【每】【次】【还】【是】【带】【我】【去】【,】【把】【牙】【膏】【独】【自】【留】【在】【家】【里】【。】【每】【次】【回】【来】【我】【都】【自】【豪】【地】【向】【牙】【膏】【讲】【述】【着】【外】【面】【的】【世】【界】【。】【就】【这】【样】【过】【了】【两】【个】【月】【,】【不】【幸】【降】【临】【了】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【那】【天】【,】【主】【人】【一】【到】【家】【就】【叫】【我】【出】【来】【,】【我】【以】【为】【要】【“】【加】【班】【”】【,】【于】【是】【我】【伸】【了】【个】【懒】【腰】【,】【无】【精】【打】【采】【地】【爬】【出】【了】【漱】【口】【杯】【。】【却】【不】【料】【主】【人】【从】【口】【袋】【里】【拿】【出】【了】【一】【把】【新】【的】【牙】【刷】【,】【说】【是】【让】【我】【跟】【他】【公】【平】【地】【竞】【争】【,】【由】【我】【先】【发】【言】【。】【当】【时】【,】【我】【吃】【惊】【得】【连】【弯】【曲】【的】【刷】【毛】【都】【一】【根】【根】【地】【竖】【了】【起】【来】【,】【偷】【偷】【地】【瞥】【了】【他】【一】【眼】【—】【—】【虽】【然】【花】【哨】【,】【但】【小】【小】【年】【纪】【就】【驼】【着】【背】【,】【小】【圆】【头】【上】【“】【头】【发】【”】【长】【得】【参】【差】【不】【齐】【,】【看】【上】【去】【就】【不】【正】【。】【于】【是】【我】【定】【了】【定】【神】【,】【挺】【直】【腰】【板】【,】【理】【直】【气】【壮】【地】【说】【:】【“】【干】【我】【们】【这】【一】【行】【有】【铁】【饭】【碗】【之】【称】【,】【每】【次】【接】【替】【工】【作】【总】【要】【等】【到】【前】【任】【寿】【终】【正】【寝】【—】【—】【刷】【毛】【脱】【落】【时】【才】【能】【接】【任】【,】【所】【以】【我】【认】【为】【他】【要】【接】【任】【还】【为】【时】【过】【早】【。】【”】【我】【信】【心】【十】【足】【地】【甩】【了】【甩】【头】【发】【,】【静】【等】【他】【的】【挑】【战】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【“】【我】【可】【不】【是】【一】【般】【的】【牙】【刷】【:】【圆】【拱】【形】【刷】【头】【可】【探】【入】【难】【刷】【部】【位】【,】【刷】【毛】【呈】【波】【浪】【形】【,】【更】【紧】【贴】【牙】【齿】【,】【曲】【柄】【设】【计】【是】【根】【据】【…】【…】【”】【没】【想】【到】【他】【一】【开】【口】【就】【滔】【滔】【不】【绝】【,】【头】【头】【是】【道】【,】【别】【说】【是】【主】【人】【,】【就】【连】【我】【也】【被】【他】【的】【“】【广】【告】【词】【”】【所】【吸】【引】【。】【结】【果】【不】【言】【而】【喻】【—】【—】【我】【下】【岗】【了】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【我】【被】【迫】【迁】【入】【新】【居】【—】【—】【杂】【物】【箱】【。】【起】【先】【几】【天】【,】【不】【是】【睡】【觉】【,】【就】【是】【与】【老】【虎】【钳】【、】【螺】【丝】【帽】【闲】【聊】【,】【倒】【也】【悠】【闲】【自】【在】【。】【可】【这】【几】【天】【,】【整】【天】【坐】【立】【不】【安】【,】【总】【觉】【得】【缺】【些】【什】【么】【,】【浑】【身】【不】【自】【在】【。】【于】【是】【到】【处】【托】【朋】【友】【拉】【关】【系】【,】【试】【着】【找】【工】【作】【,】【争】【取】【有】【个】【好】【着】【落】【。】【这】【不】【,】【准】【备】【了】【一】【打】【简】【历】【,】【或】【许】【有】【用】【,】【但】【直】【到】【今】【天】【也】【没】【动】【静】【。】【嘘】【…】【…】【主】【人】【回】【来】【了】【,】【穿】【着】【一】【双】【沾】【满】【泥】【浆】【的】【鞋】【,】【好】【像】【冲】【不】【干】【净】【…】【…】【嘿】【!】【有】【了】【。】【大】【家】【稍】【等】【,】【或】【许】【我】【将】【有】【工】【作】【了】【,】【这】【次】【机】【会】【一】【定】【要】【抓】【住】【,】【我】【去】【去】【就】【来】【!】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【我】【使】【劲】【顶】【开】【箱】【盖】【,】【挤】【出】【箱】【子】【,】【看】【看】【主】【人】【似】【乎】【不】【耐】【烦】【了】【,】【便】【用】【尽】【全】【力】【地】【滚】【到】【主】【人】【脚】【边】【,】【晃】【晃】【摇】【摇】【地】【向】【主】【人】【示】【意】【。】【主】【人】【先】【还】【是】【摇】【了】【摇】【头】【,】【皱】【了】【皱】【眉】【。】【我】【不】【依】【不】【饶】【地】【挤】【蹭】【着】【主】【人】【的】【脚】【,】【主】【动】【地】【磕】【碰】【着】【他】【脚】【上】【的】【泥】【…】【…】【主】【人】【终】【于】【舒】【展】【了】【双】【眉】【,】【俯】【身】【拿】【起】【了】【我】【。】【我】【的】【身】【上】【重】【又】【感】【受】【到】【了】【熟】【悉】【的】【暖】【流】【…】【…】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【哎】【哟】【!】【终】【于】【刷】【完】【了】【,】【累】【得】【我】【好】【一】【阵】【腰】【酸】【背】【痛】【,】【还】【弄】【了】【一】【身】【的】【污】【泥】【。】【可】【话】【又】【说】【回】【来】【了】【,】【虽】【然】【累】【一】【些】【,】【脏】【一】【些】【,】【也】【总】【比】【下】【岗】【要】【好】【。】【我】【要】【为】【自】【己】【重】【新】【上】【岗】【好】【好】【庆】【祝】【一】【番】【。】【看】【来】【这】【些】【简】【历】【也】【可】【以】【扔】【了】【,】【“】【再】【就】【业】【工】【程】【”】【还】【得】【靠】【自】【己】【。】【大】【家】【说】【,】【对】【不】【对】【?】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【本】【文】【以】【拟】【人】【手】【法】【写】【物】【。】【所】【谓】【拟】【人】【就】【是】【把】【物】【当】【做】【“】【人】【”】【来】【写】【,】【赋】【予】【物】【以】【“】【人】【”】【的】【思】【想】【感】【情】【和】【言】【行】【举】【止】【,】【目】【的】【是】【生】【动】【、】【形】【象】【地】【展】【现】【物】【的】【种】【种】【固】【有】【特】【征】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【既】【为】【拟】【人】【,】【那】【就】【得】【写】【物】【像】【“】【人】【”】【。】【所】【以】【,】【在】【《】【牙】【刷】【自】【述】【》】【中】【,】【牙】【刷】【的】【名】【称】【就】【成】【为】【“】【姓】【名】【”】【,】【使】【用】【期】【就】【成】【为】【“】【年】【龄】【”】【,】【种】【类】【就】【成】【了】【“】【民】【族】【”】【,】【功】【用】【就】【成】【了】【“】【职】【业】【”】【。】【不】【仅】【如】【此】【,】【牙】【刷】【还】【如】【“】【人】【”】【一】【样】【,】【既】【能】【说】【会】【道】【,】【又】【有】【情】【感】【起】【伏】【。】【文】【章】【写】【牙】【刷】【为】【“】【下】【岗】【”】【而】【忧】【虑】【,】【为】【“】【出】【差】【”】【而】【“】【自】【豪】【”】【,】【为】【“】【迁】【居】【”】【而】【“】【不】【安】【”】【,】【为】【“】【再】【就】【业】【”】【而】【“】【庆】【祝】【”】【,】【真】【是】【一】【波】【三】【折】【,】【费】【尽】【心】【机】【,】【人】【情】【世】【态】【,】【跃】【然】【纸】【上】【。】【也】【就】【在】【牙】【刷】【这】【一】【颦】【一】【笑】【之】【中】【,】【有】【关】【牙】【刷】【的】【方】【方】【面】【面】【的】【知】【识】【深】【深】【印】【在】【读】【者】【心】【中】【。】【这】【就】【是】【拟】【人】【写】【物】【带】【来】【的】【风】【趣】【的】【表】【达】【效】【果】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【但】【是】【,】【拟】【人】【毕】【竟】【只】【是】【表】【现】【手】【段】【,】【而】【写】【物】【才】【是】【写】【作】【目】【的】【。】【所】【以】【,】【拟】【的】【是】【“】【人】【”】【,】【写】【的】【却】【是】【物】【,】【拟】【人】【写】【物】【,】【关】【键】【在】【于】【找】【准】【“】【人】【”】【和】【“】【物】【”】【的】【对】【应】【点】【。】【也】【就】【是】【说】【,】【拟】【人】【时】【要】【处】【处】【紧】【扣】【物】【的】【特】【点】【。】【比】【如】【,】【物】【是】【有】【使】【用】【期】【的】【,】【比】【之】【以】【人】【的】【“】【年】【龄】【”】【;】【使】【用】【期】【一】【过】【,】【比】【之】【以】【“】【下】【岗】【”】【。】【又】【如】【,】【物】【是】【有】【置】【放】【处】【的】【,】【比】【之】【以】【“】【家】【”】【;】【物】【与】【物】【有】【配】【合】【使】【用】【的】【,】【于】【是】【有】【牙】【刷】【和】【牙】【膏】【的】【“】【侃】【大】【山】【”】【;】【牙】【刷】【毛】【弯】【曲】【了】【可】【以】【“】【刷】【鞋】【”】【,】【这】【才】【有】【“】【再】【就】【业】【”】【之】【说】【。】【拟】【人】【写】【物】【,】【正】【是】【找】【准】【了】【这】【些】【对】【应】【点】【,】【读】【者】【才】【会】【看】【到】【“】【牙】【刷】【”】【的】【种】【种】【“】【人】【”】【的】【表】【现】【,】【原】【来】【都】【是】【物】【的】【特】【征】【的】【展】【示】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【在】【对】【应】【点】【的】【照】【应】【下】【,】【作】【者】【尽】【可】【以】【发】【挥】【拟】【人】【化】【的】【表】【现】【功】【能】【。】【在】【《】【牙】【刷】【自】【述】【》】【中】【,】【有】【两】【处】【描】【写】【夺】【人】【眼】【球】【。】【一】【处】【是】【牙】【刷】【“】【竞】【争】【”】【。】【旧】【牙】【刷】【面】【对】【新】【牙】【刷】【“】【吃】【惊】【得】【连】【弯】【曲】【的】【刷】【毛】【都】【一】【根】【根】【地】【竖】【了】【起】【来】【”】【,】【还】【“】【偷】【偷】【地】【瞥】【了】【他】【一】【眼】【”】【,】【同】【时】【“】【信】【心】【十】【足】【地】【甩】【了】【甩】【头】【发】【”】【,】【虚】【怯】【中】【而】【又】【不】【少】【自】【负】【的】【心】【态】【毕】【现】【,】【真】【是】【到】【了】【惟】【妙】【惟】【肖】【、】【纤】【细】【如】【发】【的】【地】【步】【。】【另】【一】【处】【是】【旧】【牙】【刷】【“】【再】【就】【业】【”】【。】【由】【“】【悠】【闲】【”】【而】【“】【不】【安】【”】【,】【再】【到】【“】【抓】【住】【机】【会】【”】【,】【“】【不】【依】【不】【饶】【地】【挤】【蹭】【着】【主】【人】【的】【脚】【,】【主】【动】【地】【磕】【碰】【着】【他】【脚】【上】【的】【泥】【…】【…】【”】【曲】【尽】【妙】【笔】【,】【声】【情】【并】【茂】【,】【拟】【人】【写】【物】【也】【算】【写】【到】【了】【极】【致】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【还】【有】【一】【点】【值】【得】【一】【说】【。】【说】【明】【文】【也】【有】【立】【意】【的】【要】【求】【。】【说】【明】【物】【品】【,】【自】【然】【要】【把】【物】【品】【说】【明】【清】【楚】【,】【但】【是】【,】【物】【品】【是】【为】【人】【所】【用】【的】【,】【写】【物】【就】【不】【能】【不】【融】【入】【人】【的】【思】【想】【感】【情】【和】【价】【值】【取】【向】【。】【比】【如】【,】【《】【牙】【刷】【自】【述】【》】【在】【说】【明】【牙】【刷】【的】【相】【关】【内】【容】【中】【,】【就】【自】【然】【渗】【透】【作】【者】【的】【主】【观】【意】【识】【。】【在】【事】【物】【发】【展】【进】【程】【中】【,】【新】【陈】【代】【谢】【是】【必】【然】【的】【,】【变】【废】【为】【宝】【也】【是】【可】【能】【的】【,】【自】【强】【不】【息】【是】【永】【远】【需】【要】【的】【。】【《】【牙】【刷】【自】【述】【》】【通】【过】【现】【身】【说】【法】【,】【介】【绍】【了】【物】【品】【,】【也】【颂】【扬】【了】【精】【神】【,】【使】【读】【者】【既】【获】【得】【了】【美】【的】【感】【受】【,】【也】【获】【得】【了】【思】【想】【的】【启】【迪】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【拟】【人】【写】【物】【是】【青】【少】【年】【喜】【闻】【乐】【见】【的】【表】【现】【方】【法】【。】【曾】【见】【有】【《】【书】【包】【里】【的】【争】【论】【》】【《】【苍】【蝇】【受】【审】【记】【》】【《】【从】【橡】【皮】【到】【修】【正】【液】【》】【等】【等】【,】【一】【篇】【篇】【生】【动】【活】【泼】【的】【作】【文】【,】【对】【于】【中】【学】【生】【准】【确】【地】【捕】【捉】【事】【物】【的】【特】【征】【、】【丰】【富】【想】【象】【力】【、】【增】【加】【写】【作】【兴】【趣】【都】【大】【有】【裨】【益】【。】【拟】【人】【写】【物】【,】【不】【妨】【一】【试】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】南北战争谁赢了【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【实】【验】【学】【校】【高】【密】【度】【、】【快】【节】【奏】【的】【学】【习】【生】【活】【,】【让】【我】【忘】【掉】【了】【从】【小】【学】【到】【初】【中】【过】【渡】【阶】【段】【的】【紧】【张】【、】【迷】【茫】【、】【无】【助】【的】【痛】【苦】【。】【老】【师】【的】【教】【诲】【、】【亲】【友】【的】【宽】【慰】【、】【同】【学】【的】【扶】【助】【,】【催】【熟】【了】【我】【自】【主】【教】【育】【、】【自】【主】【学】【习】【、】【自】【主】【发】【展】【的】【新】【思】【维】【。】【挤】【一】【点】【属】【于】【自】【己】【的】【时】【间】【,】【静】【静】【地】【穿】【梭】【于】【记】【忆】【的】【时】【空】【,】【定】【格】【在】【小】【学】【五】【年】【级】【…】【…】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【一】【节】【语】【文】【课】【上】【,】【老】【师】【的】【手】【机】【突】【然】【响】【起】【,】【她】【走】【到】【教】【室】【外】【接】【听】【。】【再】【次】【进】【入】【室】【内】【,】【老】【师】【说】【有】【一】【点】【急】【事】【要】【办】【,】【她】【给】【我】【们】【布】【置】【了】【作】【业】【,】【嘱】【咐】【班】【干】【部】【维】【持】【好】【纪】【律】【。】【临】【走】【前】【,】【老】【师】【还】【特】【意】【说】【:】【“】【你】【们】【要】【好】【好】【做】【作】【业】【,】【我】【在】【办】【公】【室】【里】【,】【随】【时】【可】【能】【回】【来】【。】【”】【说】【完】【,】【她】【就】【走】【了】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【老】【师】【前】【脚】【刚】【迈】【出】【门】【槛】【,】【原】【本】【鸦】【雀】【无】【声】【的】【教】【室】【立】【即】【人】【声】【鼎】【沸】【起】【来】【。】【有】【的】【在】【讨】【论】【昨】【晚】【的】【动】【画】【片】【、】【电】【视】【剧】【;】【有】【的】【在】【谈】【“】【八】【卦】【”】【,】【什】【么】【某】【某】【明】【星】【昨】【天】【自】【杀】【,】【某】【某】【明】【星】【刚】【拍】【了】【一】【部】【什】【么】【影】【视】【大】【片】【;】【有】【一】【个】【女】【生】【在】【吃】【零】【食】【,】【可】【能】【是】【太】【辣】【了】【,】【她】【的】【眼】【泪】【都】【流】【了】【出】【来】【,】【还】【用】【手】【在】【嘴】【巴】【前】【扇】【着】【说】【:】【“】【谁】【有】【水】【,】【快】【给】【我】【喝】【一】【口】【!】【”】【我】【的】【同】【桌】【赶】【忙】【拿】【出】【水】【来】【递】【给】【她】【。】【接】【过】【水】【壶】【,】【她】【不】【再】【理】【会】【什】【么】【淑】【女】【形】【象】【,】【“】【咕】【噜】【、】【咕】【噜】【”】【几】【大】【口】【下】【肚】【。】【喝】【完】【之】【后】【,】【她】【不】【好】【意】【思】【地】【笑】【了】【笑】【,】【在】【“】【谢】【谢】【”】【声】【中】【把】【水】【壶】【还】【给】【了】【我】【的】【同】【桌】【。】【在】【这】【么】【喧】【闹】【的】【时】【刻】【,】【有】【几】【个】【同】【学】【仍】【然】【“】【一】【心】【只】【读】【圣】【贤】【书】【”】【。】【我】【则】【明】【哲】【保】【身】【地】【采】【取】【看】【在】【眼】【里】【、】【听】【在】【心】【里】【的】【态】【度】【观】【看】【眼】【前】【的】【一】【切】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【正】【当】【同】【学】【们】【说】【得】【很】【激】【烈】【的】【时】【候】【,】【“】【咚】【咚】【咚】【”】【响】【起】【了】【敲】【门】【声】【,】【吓】【得】【同】【学】【们】【快】【速】【回】【归】【原】【位】【。】【第】【一】【排】【的】【同】【学】【一】【看】【同】【学】【们】【已】【经】【各】【就】【各】【位】【,】【才】【不】【慌】【不】【忙】【地】【打】【开】【门】【,】【一】【看】【不】【是】【老】【师】【,】【是】【一】【个】【男】【生】【搞】【的】【恶】【作】【剧】【,】【同】【学】【们】【再】【一】【次】【笑】【翻】【了】【天】【,】【大】【家】【的】【能】【量】【又】【开】【始】【尽】【情】【地】【“】【释】【放】【”】【。】【看】【到】【同】【桌】【因】【为】【刚】【才】【的】【慌】【乱】【拿】【倒】【了】【书】【,】【我】【也】【加】【入】【到】【欢】【笑】【的】【行】【列】【。】【有】【的】【男】【生】【开】【始】【在】【地】【上】【画】【五】【子】【棋】【盘】【,】【有】【的】【男】【生】【在】【谈】【论】【旅】【游】【,】【只】【听】【一】【个】【同】【学】【说】【:】【“】【我】【去】【的】【地】【方】【可】【多】【了】【,】【故】【宫】【、】【长】【城】【、】【秦】【始】【皇】【陵】【、】【兵】【马】【俑】【…】【…】【”】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【“】【咚】【咚】【咚】【”】【的】【敲】【门】【声】【再】【次】【响】【起】【,】【同】【学】【们】【迅】【速】【向】【那】【个】【搞】【恶】【作】【剧】【的】【同】【学】【看】【去】【,】【他】【两】【手】【一】【摊】【,】【我】【们】【明】【白】【,】【语】【文】【老】【师】【回】【来】【了】【。】【门】【再】【次】【被】【同】【学】【打】【开】【,】【老】【师】【的】【法】【眼】【里】【是】【一】【片】【认】【真】【写】【作】【业】【的】【学】【生】【们】【,】【她】【满】【意】【地】【笑】【了】【…】【…】【奇】【怪】【,】【老】【师】【的】【“】【法】【耳】【”】【难】【道】【没】【听】【见】【教】【室】【里】【炸】【开】【了】【锅】【的】【声】【音】【?】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【大】【爱】【无】【声】【,】【大】【教】【无】【形】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【微】【格】【素】【材】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【虽】【是】【见】【春】【迟】【,】【还】【免】【逢】【秋】【早】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【【】【出】【处】【】】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【明】【·】【高】【启】【《】【叹】【墙】【下】【草】【》】【:】【“】【青】【青】【墙】【下】【草】【,】【经】【霜】【未】【枯】【槁】【。】【虽】【是】【见】【春】【迟】【,】【还】【免】【逢】【秋】【早】【。】【”】【(】【墙】【下】【的】【青】【青】【小】【草】【,】【经】【霜】【之】【后】【仍】【然】【没】【有】【枯】【槁】【。】【虽】【然】【见】【到】【春】【光】【时】【晚】【了】【一】【些】【,】【但】【却】【也】【能】【免】【于】【早】【早】【地】【遇】【到】【秋】【天】【。】【)】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【【】【哲】【理】【链】【接】【】】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【墙】【下】【的】【小】【草】【生】【得】【迟】【,】【枯】【得】【也】【迟】【。】【世】【间】【的】【生】【物】【,】【总】【是】【先】【生】【发】【的】【先】【衰】【亡】【,】【后】【生】【发】【的】【后】【衰】【亡】【,】【这】【是】【事】【物】【发】【展】【的】【规】【律】【。】【从】【另】【一】【个】【角】【度】【来】【说】【,】【事】【物】【都】【有】【两】【重】【性】【,】【有】【利】【的】【一】【面】【,】【也】【有】【不】【利】【的】【一】【面】【,】【小】【草】【“】【见】【春】【迟】【”】【这】【是】【不】【利】【的】【,】【但】【它】【因】【此】【也】【免】【于】【“】【逢】【秋】【早】【”】【,】【这】【又】【是】【有】【利】【的】【一】【面】【;】【好】【和】【坏】【,】【利】【与】【害】【都】【是】【对】【立】【统】【一】【的】【,】【是】【相】【对】【的】【,】【而】【不】【是】【绝】【对】【的】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】

【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【1】【①】【我】【的】【家】【乡】【坐】【落】【在】【苏】【北】【古】【镇】【梁】【垛】【2】【0】【国】【道】【与】【她】【擦】【肩】【而】【过】【,】【②】【川】【流】【不】【息】【的】【车】【辆】【带】【来】【了】【众】【多】【的】【信】【息】【与】【商】【品】【,】【带】【来】【了】【家】【乡】【日】【新】【月】【异】【的】【变】【化】【。】【串】【场】【河】【像】【一】【条】【绿】【色】【的】【丝】【绸】【,】【缓】【缓】【地】【向】【北】【飘】【去】【,】【养】【育】【着】【这】【一】【方】【朴】【实】【勤】【劳】【的】【水】【乡】【儿】【女】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【1】【③】【这】【里】【虽】【然】【没】【有】【名】【人】【故】【居】【美】【丽】【传】【说】【,】【也】【没】【有】【名】【胜】【古】【迹】【、】【高】【山】【大】【川】【。】【但】【她】【却】【是】【一】【朵】【刚】【绽】【开】【的】【花】【蕾】【,】【以】【其】【独】【特】【的】【④】【丰】【姿】【给】【人】【美】【的】【享】【受】【。】【1】【1】【1】【1】【1】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【1】【啊】【,】【朋】【友】【,】【请】【到】【我】【的】【家】【乡】【来】【吧】【!】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【1】【⑤】【秋】【天】【,】【是】【家】【乡】【最】【热】【闹】【的】【季】【节】【。】【欢】【乐】【的】【田】【野】【上】【到】【处】【是】【翠】【玉】【镶】【金】【。】【那】【洁】【白】【的】【棉】【絮】【会】【把】【你】【团】【团】【围】【住】【,】【让】【你】【置】【身】【于】【白】【云】【中】【,】【一】【时】【竟】【不】【知】【高】【低】【,】【不】【辨】【东】【西】【。】【远】【处】【,】【一】【望】【无】【际】【的】【金】【黄】【色】【的】【稻】【子】【在】【微】【风】【中】【向】【你】【频】【频】【招】【手】【,】【急】【不】【可】【耐】【地】【叫】【着】【:】【“】【熟】【了】【!】【熟】【了】【!】【”】【⑥】【月】【光】【下】【热】【情】【好】【客】【的】【家】【乡】【人】【会】【拉】【着】【你】【的】【手】【谈】【天】【说】【地】【。】【那】【时】【候】【,】【他】【们】【会】【忘】【记】【一】【天】【的】【疲】【劳】【掰】【着】【手】【指】【头】【告】【诉】【你】【,】【谁】【家】【的】【小】【伙】【子】【出】【门】【半】【年】【就】【成】【了】【小】【老】【板】【,】【谁】【家】【的】【姑】【娘】【足】【不】【出】【户】【却】【是】【名】【闻】【遐】【迩】【的】【养】【蚕】【好】【手】【。】【他】【们】【仿】【佛】【有】【说】【不】【尽】【的】【新】【鲜】【事】【,】【⑦】【道】【不】【完】【的】【幸】【福】【水】【。】【1】【1】【1】【1】【1】【1】【1】【1】【1】【1】【1】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【1】【⑧】【伴】【随】【着】【春】【天】【的】【脚】【步】【,】【展】【现】【你】【眼】【前】【的】【又】【是】【另】【一】【番】【景】【象】【。】【⑨】【黑】【土】【地】【立】【刻】【换】【上】【了】【一】【身】【绿】【装】【。】【金】【灿】【灿】【的】【油】【菜】【花】【⑩】【装】【满】【了】【你】【的】【眼】【睛】【,】【惹】【来】【了】【一】【大】【群】【的】【蜜】【蜂】【、】【蝴】【蝶】【。】【绿】【油】【油】【的】【麦】【子】【也】【俯】【首】【微】【笑】【仿】【佛】【预】【示】【着】【又】【是】【一】【个】【丰】【收】【年】【。】【【】【1】【1】【】】【人】【们】【的】【欢】【歌】【笑】【语】【、】【机】【器】【的】【轰】【鸣】【声】【奏】【起】【了】【最】【动】【听】【的】【“】【闹】【三】【春】【”】【交】【响】【乐】【!】【1】【1】【1】【1】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【1】【你】【知】【道】【吗】【,】【到】【我】【的】【家】【乡】【来】【一】【起】【捕】【鱼】【,】【这】【可】【是】【一】【件】【乐】【事】【。】【串】【场】【河】【以】【及】【大】【大】【小】【小】【的】【鱼】【塘】【是】【【】【1】【2】【】】【取】【之】【不】【尽】【的】【渔】【场】【。】【不】【必】【说】【柳】【下】【垂】【钓】【趣】【,】【烟】【雨】【透】【蓑】【衣】【,】【也】【不】【必】【说】【白】【帆】【映】【碧】【水】【,】【渔】【歌】【唱】【晚】【霞】【,】【单】【是】【冬】【季】【破】【冰】【捕】【鱼】【就】【可】【以】【让】【你】【乐】【而】【忘】【返】【了】【。】【请】【看】【吧】【,】【【】【1】【3】【】】【一】【网】【收】【到】【净】【是】【鱼】【,】【大】【的】【四】【五】【斤】【,】【小】【的】【也】【有】【二】【三】【斤】【,】【有】【时】【还】【能】【网】【到】【几】【只】【冬】【季】【罕】【见】【的】【大】【螃】【蟹】【。】【于】【是】【晚】【上】【便】【有】【鲜】【鱼】【肥】【蟹】【下】【饭】【了】【。】【1】【1】【1】【1】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【1】【【】【1】【4】【】】【朋】【友】【,】【如】【果】【说】【祖】【国】【是】【一】【座】【大】【花】【园】【,】【那】【我】【的】【家】【乡】【就】【是】【一】【朵】【带】【露】【的】【玫】【瑰】【沐】【浴】【着】【党】【的】【雨】【露】【阳】【光】【,】【开】【得】【更】【加】【绚】【丽】【多】【彩】【。】【2】【0】【年】【,】【我】【们】【镇】【纳】【税】【超】【亿】【元】【,】【跻】【身】【于】【苏】【北】【小】【康】【示】【范】【镇】【的】【行】【列】【。】【如】【今】【家】【乡】【人】【又】【在】【奏】【起】【时】【代】【的】【最】【强】【音】【加】【强】【精】【神】【文】【明】【建】【设】【,】【争】【取】【早】【日】【跨】【入】【省】【文】【明】【镇】【的】【先】【进】【行】【列】【。】【祝】【愿】【家】【乡】【骑】【上】【时】【代】【的】【骏】【马】【奔】【驰】【吧】【!】【1】【1】【1】【1】【1】【1】【1】【1】【1】【1】【1】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【1】【朋】【友】【,】【请】【到】【我】【的】【家】【乡】【来】【吧】【!】【这】【里】【物】【阜】【民】【丰】【,】【景】【美】【,】【人】【更】【美】【。】【你】【来】【了】【,】【保】【证】【你】【看】【不】【够】【,】【观】【不】【尽】【,】【梦】【里】【再】【重】【游】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【1】【●】【点】【评】【:】【读】【罢】【这】【篇】【习】【作】【,】【感】【到】【有】【一】【种】【【】【1】【5】【】】【浓】【郁】【的】【乡】【土】【气】【息】【,】【清】【新】【而】【自】【然】【加】【之】【文】【题】【上】【一】【个】【“】【请】【”】【字】【,】【倍】【觉】【作】【者】【对】【家】【乡】【小】【镇】【的】【热】【爱】【之】【情】【。】【作】【者】【【】【1】【6】【】】【观】【察】【细】【致】【,】【反】【映】【家】【乡】【风】【貌】【,】【抓】【住】【了】【特】【色】【。】【既】【撷】【取】【了】【春】【、】【秋】【两】【季】【苏】【北】【水】【乡】【的】【不】【同】【的】【场】【景】【来】【写】【,】【又】【描】【写】【了】【冬】【季】【捕】【鱼】【这】【一】【令】【人】【乐】【而】【忘】【返】【的】【【】【1】【7】【】】【场】【面】【;】【既】【是】【一】【幅】【风】【景】【画】【、】【【】【1】【8】【】】【风】【俗】【画】【,】【又】【处】【处】【突】【出】【了】【家】【乡】【人】【的】【力】【量】【和】【精】【神】【,】【提】【升】【了】【文】【章】【的】【内】【涵】【▲】【另】【外】【,】【语】【言】【也】【形】【象】【生】【动】【,】【富】【有】【诗】【意】【一】【是】【综】【合】【运】【用】【了】【拟】【人】【、】【比】【喻】【等】【多】【种】【修】【辞】【手】【法】【,】【增】【添】【了】【文】【章】【的】【美】【感】【;】【二】【是】【善】【翻】【古】【人】【意】【,】【如】【“】【柳】【下】【垂】【钓】【趣】【,】【烟】【雨】【透】【蓑】【衣】【”】【“】【白】【帆】【映】【碧】【水】【,】【渔】【歌】【唱】【晚】【霞】【”】【读】【来】【更】【具】【【】【1】【9】【】】【艺】【术】【感】【染】【力】【;】【三】【是】【长】【句】【与】【短】【句】【、】【整】【句】【与】【散】【句】【的】【结】【合】【,】【使】【行】【文】【活】【泼】【、】【自】【由】【。】【这】【些】【都】【足】【见】【小】【作】【者】【【】【2】【0】【】】【在】【炼】【字】【炼】【句】【上】【下】【了】【工】【夫】【。】【1】【1】【1】【1】【1】【1】【1】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【①】【“】【坐】【落】【”】【一】【词】【是】【多】【余】【的】【。】【第】【一】【句】【可】【改】【为】【:】【苏】【北】【古】【镇】【梁】【垛】【是】【我】【的】【家】【乡】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【②】【“】【信】【息】【”】【用】【“】【众】【多】【”】【来】【形】【容】【欠】【妥】【。】【“】【商】【品】【”】【既】【有】【带】【来】【的】【,】【也】【有】【运】【出】【的】【。】【画】【线】【句】【可】【改】【为】【:】【便】【捷】【的】【交】【通】【促】【进】【了】【经】【济】【的】【繁】【荣】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【③】【此】【处】【可】【改】【为】【:】【这】【里】【虽】【然】【没】【有】【名】【胜】【古】【迹】【、】【美】【丽】【传】【说】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【④】【“】【丰】【姿】【”】【改】【为】【“】【风】【姿】【”】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【⑤】【画】【线】【句】【对】【全】【段】【有】【引】【领】【的】【作】【用】【,】【但】【“】【热】【闹】【”】【似】【不】【如】【“】【繁】【忙】【”】【来】【得】【贴】【切】【。】【“】【翠】【玉】【镶】【金】【”】【用】【得】【也】【欠】【妥】【,】【因】【为】【棉】【田】【和】【稻】【田】【之】【间】【不】【存】【在】【“】【镶】【”】【和】【被】【“】【镶】【”】【的】【问】【题】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【⑥】【为】【什】【么】【一】【定】【要】【在】【月】【光】【下】【呢】【?】【完】【全】【可】【以】【没】【有】【这】【个】【时】【间】【限】【制】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【⑦】【画】【线】【句】【不】【通】【,】【只】【要】【把】【“】【水】【”】【改】【成】【“】【感】【”】【即】【可】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【⑧】【此】【句】【最】【好】【改】【为】【:】【春】【天】【,】【是】【家】【乡】【最】【美】【丽】【的】【季】【节】【。】【这】【样】【就】【可】【与】【前】【一】【段】【相】【呼】【应】【了】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【⑨】【苏】【北】【的】【土】【地】【并】【非】【是】【黑】【色】【的】【,】【不】【要】【硬】【搬】【现】【成】【的】【词】【语】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【⑩】【用】【词】【生】【硬】【,】【—】【—】【你】【的】【眼】【睛】【能】【“】【装】【”】【得】【下】【吗】【?】【画】【线】【句】【删】【去】【反】【而】【和】【下】【文】【接】【得】【更】【紧】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【【】【1】【1】【】】【画】【线】【句】【为】【套】【话】【。】【记】【住】【,】【这】【是】【广】【阔】【的】【田】【野】【,】【如】【果】【是】【在】【建】【筑】【工】【地】【或】【工】【厂】【的】【厂】【房】【里】【,】【则】【还】【有】【可】【能】【。】【删】【掉】【也】【不】【影】【响】【文】【中】【的】【表】【达】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【【】【1】【2】【】】【天】【下】【并】【没】【有】【“】【取】【之】【不】【尽】【的】【渔】【场】【”】【,】【赞】【美】【家】【乡】【,】【也】【不】【可】【有】【夸】【大】【之】【词】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【【】【1】【3】【】】【画】【线】【句】【可】【改】【为】【:】【网】【网】【打】【起】【的】【都】【是】【活】【蹦】【乱】【跳】【的】【肥】【鱼】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【【】【1】【4】【】】【这】【一】【段】【的】【首】【句】【是】【套】【话】【,】【改】【为】【:】【家】【乡】【的】【经】【济】【发】【展】【更】【是】【迅】【速】【。】【这】【样】【和】【下】【文】【联】【系】【就】【紧】【密】【了】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【【】【1】【5】【】】【“】【点】【评】【”】【写】【得】【尚】【可】【,】【但】【仍】【有】【可】【商】【榷】【之】【处】【。】【“】【浓】【郁】【”】【二】【字】【还】【谈】【不】【上】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【【】【1】【6】【】】【从】【文】【中】【看】【不】【出】【作】【者】【有】【细】【致】【的】【观】【察】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【【】【1】【7】【】】【本】【文】【并】【无】【场】【面】【描】【写】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【【】【1】【8】【】】【“】【风】【俗】【画】【”】【无】【从】【谈】【起】【,】【“】【处】【处】【突】【出】【”】【则】【有】【过】【誉】【之】【嫌】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【▲】【本】【文】【语】【言】【有】【优】【点】【,】【但】【问】【题】【似】【更】【多】【些】【。】【讲】【优】【点】【,】【也】【需】【恰】【如】【其】【分】【才】【是】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【【】【1】【9】【】】【“】【艺】【术】【感】【染】【力】【”】【这】【样】【的】【词】【语】【一】【般】【不】【能】【用】【来】【评】【价】【学】【生】【作】【文】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【【】【2】【0】【】】【现】【在】【能】【在】【“】【炼】【字】【炼】【句】【上】【下】【工】【夫】【”】【的】【学】【生】【恐】【怕】【是】【少】【而】【又】【少】【的】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】南北战争谁赢了【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【跟】【许】【多】【同】【龄】【人】【一】【样】【,】【我】【也】【喜】【欢】【读】【书】【,】【但】【是】【,】【我】【读】【的】【书】【完】【全】【由】【自】【己】【的】【喜】【好】【决】【定】【。】【不】【对】【胃】【口】【的】【,】【就】【通】【通】【把】【它】【们】【扔】【在】【一】【边】【,】【因】【此】【,】【我】【读】【的】【书】【又】【非】【常】【的】【单】【一】【。】【我】【喜】【欢】【读】【小】【说】【、】【散】【文】【,】【尤】【其】【喜】【欢】【鲁】【迅】【先】【生】【的】【《】【朝】【花】【夕】【拾】【》】【和】【《】【孔】【乙】【己】【》】【,】【每】【每】【读】【到】【它】【们】【,】【心】【里】【都】【有】【不】【同】【的】【感】【触】【。】【每】【当】【我】【读】【到】【孔】【乙】【己】【因】【偷】【书】【而】【被】【人】【打】【伤】【时】【,】【总】【会】【忍】【不】【住】【哭】【出】【声】【来】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【读】【书】【并】【不】【在】【于】【读】【的】【数】【量】【多】【少】【,】【一】【个】【人】【一】【生】【能】【认】【真】【地】【读】【上】【几】【本】【好】【书】【比】【囫】【囵】【吞】【枣】【地】【读】【上】【许】【多】【书】【要】【好】【得】【多】【,】【就】【像】【人】【生】【需】【要】【时】【时】【回】【顾】【一】【样】【,】【好】【书】【也】【是】【需】【要】【不】【断】【重】【读】【的】【。】【好】【书】【是】【那】【种】【读】【后】【能】【让】【我】【们】【思】【索】【的】【书】【,】【它】【可】【以】【是】【一】【本】【故】【事】【书】【,】【一】【本】【漫】【画】【书】【,】【甚】【至】【是】【工】【具】【书】【…】【…】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【我】【喜】【欢】【读】【书】【,】【喜】【欢】【在】【字】【里】【行】【间】【感】【悟】【和】【领】【略】【世】【界】【。】【我】【喜】【欢】【冰】【心】【的】【婉】【约】【清】【秀】【,】【《】【繁】【星】【·】【春】【水】【》】【里】【描】【绘】【的】【意】【境】【总】【能】【为】【我】【创】【造】【一】【种】【纯】【真】【感】【性】【的】【世】【界】【,】【让】【我】【百】【感】【交】【集】【,】【正】【如】【书】【中】【所】【说】【:】【“】【欲】【语】【又】【停】【留】【。】【”】【在】【纷】【繁】【复】【杂】【的】【世】【界】【中】【,】【冰】【心】【的】【笔】【尖】【爱】【意】【浓】【浓】【,】【引】【导】【我】【们】【回】【归】【自】【然】【。】【我】【也】【喜】【欢】【曹】【文】【轩】【的】【清】【新】【质】【朴】【,】【他】【的】【文】【字】【让】【我】【感】【到】【是】【一】【种】【享】【受】【,】【他】【的】【思】【想】【让】【我】【为】【之】【心】【动】【,】【也】【让】【我】【的】【心】【思】【细】【腻】【了】【起】【来】【。】【我】【开】【始】【观】【察】【每】【一】【处】【细】【节】【,】【观】【察】【生】【活】【的】【美】【好】【,】【对】【未】【来】【充】【满】【信】【心】【,】【认】【识】【到】【希】【望】【无】【处】【不】【在】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【我】【读】【书】【的】【速】【度】【很】【快】【,】【就】【好】【像】【伐】【木】【工】【人】【砍】【树】【一】【样】【利】【索】【。】【遇】【到】【气】【味】【相】【投】【的】【,】【定】【要】【风】【卷】【残】【云】【般】【地】【将】【它】【读】【完】【,】【虽】【说】【人】【长】【大】【了】【,】【但】【这】【“】【暴】【饮】【暴】【食】【”】【的】【习】【惯】【却】【依】【旧】【没】【改】【掉】【。】【尽】【管】【这】【样】【,】【有】【许】【多】【如】【雷】【贯】【耳】【的】【名】【著】【却】【从】【未】【翻】【过】【,】【是】【的】【,】【我】【知】【道】【那】【些】【书】【是】【多】【么】【有】【名】【,】【多】【么】【应】【该】【读】【,】【可】【我】【总】【是】【迅】【速】【越】【过】【它】【们】【,】【选】【择】【的】【是】【其】【他】【更】【容】【易】【吸】【引】【我】【视】【线】【的】【书】【。】【有】【人】【将】【阅】【读】【看】【做】【一】【块】【磨】【刀】【石】【,】【依】【靠】【它】【把】【自】【己】【的】【智】【力】【打】【磨】【得】【更】【锋】【利】【。】【可】【对】【我】【来】【说】【,】【阅】【读】【是】【凭】【借】【自】【己】【的】【直】【觉】【、】【本】【能】【地】【去】【寻】【找】【与】【自】【己】【共】【鸣】【的】【语】【感】【、】【题】【材】【、】【氛】【围】【、】【思】【想】【。】【我】【买】【书】【太】【缺】【乏】【计】【划】【性】【,】【打】【算】【买】【的】【是】【一】【本】【,】【却】【常】【常】【抱】【回】【家】【三】【四】【本】【,】【所】【以】【无】【论】【走】【到】【哪】【里】【,】【我】【的】【床】【头】【始】【终】【堆】【着】【一】【摞】【书】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【读】【书】【是】【一】【种】【享】【受】【,】【一】【种】【交】【流】【,】【一】【种】【领】【悟】【,】【一】【种】【超】【越】【,】【但】【要】【做】【到】【这】【些】【,】【就】【得】【多】【读】【,】【仔】【细】【地】【咀】【嚼】【,】【浅】【尝】【是】【不】【行】【的】【,】【读】【书】【就】【是】【把】【那】【些】【隐】【藏】【在】【文】【字】【背】【后】【的】【思】【想】【读】【活】【起】【来】【,】【为】【我】【所】【有】【,】【为】【我】【所】【用】【,】【墨】【香】【满】【坊】【,】【书】【香】【满】【屋】【!】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【(】【指】【导】【老】【师】【:】【陶】【清】【)】【<】【b】【r】【>】

南北战争谁赢了:神物舟酷睿i7处理器GT240独露本4999元

【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【当】【清】【晨】【拉】【开】【窗】【帘】【,】【房】【间】【立】【时】【被】【阳】【光】【照】【亮】【。】【窗】【前】【正】【怒】【放】【的】【玫】【瑰】【,】【散】【发】【出】【淡】【淡】【的】【芳】【香】【,】【夜】【里】【,】【它】【花】【瓣】【闭】【拢】【;】【清】【晨】【它】【就】【再】【度】【开】【放】【,】【它】【的】【生】【命】【好】【顽】【强】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【这】【情】【景】【令】【我】【十】【分】【感】【动】【。】【其】【实】【还】【有】【比】【这】【更】【令】【人】【感】【动】【的】【呢】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【不】【知】【你】【是】【否】【听】【过】【这】【样】【一】【个】【凄】【美】【的】【故】【事】【:】【日】【本】【某】【户】【人】【家】【装】【修】【,】【拆】【木】【板】【墙】【时】【,】【发】【现】【一】【只】【壁】【虎】【被】【一】【根】【从】【外】【面】【钉】【进】【来】【的】【钉】【子】【钉】【住】【了】【尾】【巴】【。】【这】【居】【然】【是】【主】【人】【很】【长】【时】【间】【以】【前】【盖】【房】【子】【时】【钉】【上】【去】【的】【。】【见】【此】【状】【,】【主】【人】【暂】【时】【停】【止】【了】【装】【修】【,】【他】【要】【一】【探】【究】【竟】【。】【没】【多】【久】【,】【钻】【过】【来】【另】【一】【只】【壁】【虎】【,】【嘴】【里】【含】【着】【食】【物】【过】【来】【喂】【它】【…】【…】【主】【人】【一】【时】【愣】【住】【了】【,】【这】【是】【怎】【样】【的】【生】【命】【,】【怎】【样】【的】【爱】【呀】【!】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【2】【0】【0】【8】【年】【5】【月】【1】【5】【日】【,】【在】【汶】【川】【灾】【区】【垮】【塌】【的】【房】【子】【下】【,】【一】【位】【死】【去】【的】【母】【亲】【双】【膝】【跪】【地】【,】【支】【撑】【身】【体】【护】【住】【了】【三】【个】【月】【大】【的】【婴】【儿】【,】【而】【她】【的】【孩】【子】【却】【毫】【发】【未】【损】【。】【救】【援】【者】【在】【孩】【子】【的】【被】【子】【里】【,】【发】【现】【了】【一】【部】【手】【机】【,】【只】【见】【屏】【幕】【短】【信】【上】【显】【示】【着】【1】【8】【个】【字】【:】【“】【亲】【爱】【的】【宝】【贝】【,】【如】【果】【你】【还】【活】【着】【,】【一】【定】【记】【住】【,】【我】【爱】【你】【。】【”】【“】【我】【爱】【你】【”】【,】【多】【么】【美】【丽】【的】【语】【言】【,】【面】【对】【着】【这】【无】【私】【的】【爱】【,】【我】【们】【怎】【能】【不】【奉】【献】【出】【自】【己】【的】【一】【切】【,】【甚】【至】【是】【生】【命】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【世】【界】【上】【有】【一】【种】【死】【,】【永】【远】【也】【不】【代】【表】【毁】【灭】【,】【那】【就】【是】【自】【落】【的】【花】【,】【归】【根】【的】【叶】【。】【生】【命】【虽】【然】【消】【逝】【了】【,】【但】【留】【给】【人】【间】【的】【一】【种】【精】【神】【,】【一】【种】【气】【质】【,】【一】【种】【洒】【脱】【却】【是】【永】【恒】【的】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【世】【间】【万】【物】【唯】【有】【生】【命】【最】【为】【珍】【贵】【,】【但】【又】【是】【转】【瞬】【即】【逝】【的】【,】【它】【短】【暂】【得】【如】【同】【天】【穹】【中】【一】【颗】【稍】【纵】【即】【逝】【的】【流】【星】【,】【那】【么】【我】【们】【不】【是】【应】【该】【让】【生】【命】【绽】【放】【更】【多】【的】【光】【彩】【吗】【?】【陆】【放】【翁】【的】【“】【零】【落】【成】【泥】【碾】【作】【尘】【,】【只】【有】【香】【如】【故】【”】【,】【文】【天】【祥】【的】【“】【人】【生】【自】【古】【谁】【无】【死】【,】【留】【取】【丹】【心】【照】【汗】【青】【”】【,】【岳】【飞】【的】【“】【怒】【发】【冲】【冠】【”】【,】【司】【马】【迁】【的】【忍】【辱】【负】【重】【著】【史】【记】【…】【…】【都】【在】【向】【我】【们】【诉】【说】【着】【生】【命】【的】【真】【谛】【。】【那】【么】【,】【是】【什】【么】【力】【量】【让】【他】【们】【变】【得】【不】【平】【凡】【呢】【?】【是】【活】【着】【的】【信】【念】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【如】【果】【你】【不】【能】【做】【一】【棵】【大】【树】【,】【那】【么】【就】【做】【一】【棵】【小】【草】【,】【铺】【就】【路】【边】【的】【林】【荫】【;】【如】【果】【你】【不】【能】【做】【一】【条】【小】【河】【,】【那】【么】【就】【做】【一】【滴】【水】【,】【去】【滋】【润】【一】【寸】【土】【地】【;】【如】【果】【你】【不】【能】【做】【无】【垠】【的】【大】【海】【,】【那】【么】【就】【做】【一】【朵】【浪】【花】【,】【点】【缀】【大】【海】【的】【波】【澜】【。】【我】【们】【的】【生】【命】【虽】【平】【凡】【,】【但】【要】【让】【它】【活】【得】【有】【意】【义】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【这】【是】【一】【篇】【以】【“】【信】【念】【、】【生】【命】【”】【为】【话】【题】【的】【习】【作】【,】【小】【作】【者】【诠】【释】【自】【己】【对】【生】【命】【的】【理】【解】【,】【感】【悟】【深】【刻】【、】【独】【到】【,】【蕴】【涵】【哲】【理】【。】【在】【结】【构】【上】【,】【作】【者】【先】【写】【植】【物】【、】【动】【物】【,】【而】【后】【再】【写】【对】【”】【人】【”】【生】【命】【的】【层】【层】【深】【入】【的】【理】【性】【认】【识】【。】【文】【中】【选】【取】【事】【件】【真】【实】【、】【典】【型】【、】【有】【说】【服】【力】【,】【震】【撼】【人】【心】【,】【引】【发】【读】【者】【去】【思】【考】【。】【比】【喻】【、】【排】【比】【、】【引】【用】【等】【修】【辞】【手】【法】【运】【用】【较】【成】【功】【,】【为】【文】【章】【增】【添】【文】【采】【。】【(】【指】【导】【老】【师】【:】【李】【秀】【琴】【)】【<】【b】【r】【>】南北战争谁赢了【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【实】【验】【学】【校】【高】【密】【度】【、】【快】【节】【奏】【的】【学】【习】【生】【活】【,】【让】【我】【忘】【掉】【了】【从】【小】【学】【到】【初】【中】【过】【渡】【阶】【段】【的】【紧】【张】【、】【迷】【茫】【、】【无】【助】【的】【痛】【苦】【。】【老】【师】【的】【教】【诲】【、】【亲】【友】【的】【宽】【慰】【、】【同】【学】【的】【扶】【助】【,】【催】【熟】【了】【我】【自】【主】【教】【育】【、】【自】【主】【学】【习】【、】【自】【主】【发】【展】【的】【新】【思】【维】【。】【挤】【一】【点】【属】【于】【自】【己】【的】【时】【间】【,】【静】【静】【地】【穿】【梭】【于】【记】【忆】【的】【时】【空】【,】【定】【格】【在】【小】【学】【五】【年】【级】【…】【…】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【一】【节】【语】【文】【课】【上】【,】【老】【师】【的】【手】【机】【突】【然】【响】【起】【,】【她】【走】【到】【教】【室】【外】【接】【听】【。】【再】【次】【进】【入】【室】【内】【,】【老】【师】【说】【有】【一】【点】【急】【事】【要】【办】【,】【她】【给】【我】【们】【布】【置】【了】【作】【业】【,】【嘱】【咐】【班】【干】【部】【维】【持】【好】【纪】【律】【。】【临】【走】【前】【,】【老】【师】【还】【特】【意】【说】【:】【“】【你】【们】【要】【好】【好】【做】【作】【业】【,】【我】【在】【办】【公】【室】【里】【,】【随】【时】【可】【能】【回】【来】【。】【”】【说】【完】【,】【她】【就】【走】【了】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【老】【师】【前】【脚】【刚】【迈】【出】【门】【槛】【,】【原】【本】【鸦】【雀】【无】【声】【的】【教】【室】【立】【即】【人】【声】【鼎】【沸】【起】【来】【。】【有】【的】【在】【讨】【论】【昨】【晚】【的】【动】【画】【片】【、】【电】【视】【剧】【;】【有】【的】【在】【谈】【“】【八】【卦】【”】【,】【什】【么】【某】【某】【明】【星】【昨】【天】【自】【杀】【,】【某】【某】【明】【星】【刚】【拍】【了】【一】【部】【什】【么】【影】【视】【大】【片】【;】【有】【一】【个】【女】【生】【在】【吃】【零】【食】【,】【可】【能】【是】【太】【辣】【了】【,】【她】【的】【眼】【泪】【都】【流】【了】【出】【来】【,】【还】【用】【手】【在】【嘴】【巴】【前】【扇】【着】【说】【:】【“】【谁】【有】【水】【,】【快】【给】【我】【喝】【一】【口】【!】【”】【我】【的】【同】【桌】【赶】【忙】【拿】【出】【水】【来】【递】【给】【她】【。】【接】【过】【水】【壶】【,】【她】【不】【再】【理】【会】【什】【么】【淑】【女】【形】【象】【,】【“】【咕】【噜】【、】【咕】【噜】【”】【几】【大】【口】【下】【肚】【。】【喝】【完】【之】【后】【,】【她】【不】【好】【意】【思】【地】【笑】【了】【笑】【,】【在】【“】【谢】【谢】【”】【声】【中】【把】【水】【壶】【还】【给】【了】【我】【的】【同】【桌】【。】【在】【这】【么】【喧】【闹】【的】【时】【刻】【,】【有】【几】【个】【同】【学】【仍】【然】【“】【一】【心】【只】【读】【圣】【贤】【书】【”】【。】【我】【则】【明】【哲】【保】【身】【地】【采】【取】【看】【在】【眼】【里】【、】【听】【在】【心】【里】【的】【态】【度】【观】【看】【眼】【前】【的】【一】【切】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【正】【当】【同】【学】【们】【说】【得】【很】【激】【烈】【的】【时】【候】【,】【“】【咚】【咚】【咚】【”】【响】【起】【了】【敲】【门】【声】【,】【吓】【得】【同】【学】【们】【快】【速】【回】【归】【原】【位】【。】【第】【一】【排】【的】【同】【学】【一】【看】【同】【学】【们】【已】【经】【各】【就】【各】【位】【,】【才】【不】【慌】【不】【忙】【地】【打】【开】【门】【,】【一】【看】【不】【是】【老】【师】【,】【是】【一】【个】【男】【生】【搞】【的】【恶】【作】【剧】【,】【同】【学】【们】【再】【一】【次】【笑】【翻】【了】【天】【,】【大】【家】【的】【能】【量】【又】【开】【始】【尽】【情】【地】【“】【释】【放】【”】【。】【看】【到】【同】【桌】【因】【为】【刚】【才】【的】【慌】【乱】【拿】【倒】【了】【书】【,】【我】【也】【加】【入】【到】【欢】【笑】【的】【行】【列】【。】【有】【的】【男】【生】【开】【始】【在】【地】【上】【画】【五】【子】【棋】【盘】【,】【有】【的】【男】【生】【在】【谈】【论】【旅】【游】【,】【只】【听】【一】【个】【同】【学】【说】【:】【“】【我】【去】【的】【地】【方】【可】【多】【了】【,】【故】【宫】【、】【长】【城】【、】【秦】【始】【皇】【陵】【、】【兵】【马】【俑】【…】【…】【”】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【“】【咚】【咚】【咚】【”】【的】【敲】【门】【声】【再】【次】【响】【起】【,】【同】【学】【们】【迅】【速】【向】【那】【个】【搞】【恶】【作】【剧】【的】【同】【学】【看】【去】【,】【他】【两】【手】【一】【摊】【,】【我】【们】【明】【白】【,】【语】【文】【老】【师】【回】【来】【了】【。】【门】【再】【次】【被】【同】【学】【打】【开】【,】【老】【师】【的】【法】【眼】【里】【是】【一】【片】【认】【真】【写】【作】【业】【的】【学】【生】【们】【,】【她】【满】【意】【地】【笑】【了】【…】【…】【奇】【怪】【,】【老】【师】【的】【“】【法】【耳】【”】【难】【道】【没】【听】【见】【教】【室】【里】【炸】【开】【了】【锅】【的】【声】【音】【?】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【大】【爱】【无】【声】【,】【大】【教】【无】【形】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【微】【格】【素】【材】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【虽】【是】【见】【春】【迟】【,】【还】【免】【逢】【秋】【早】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【【】【出】【处】【】】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【明】【·】【高】【启】【《】【叹】【墙】【下】【草】【》】【:】【“】【青】【青】【墙】【下】【草】【,】【经】【霜】【未】【枯】【槁】【。】【虽】【是】【见】【春】【迟】【,】【还】【免】【逢】【秋】【早】【。】【”】【(】【墙】【下】【的】【青】【青】【小】【草】【,】【经】【霜】【之】【后】【仍】【然】【没】【有】【枯】【槁】【。】【虽】【然】【见】【到】【春】【光】【时】【晚】【了】【一】【些】【,】【但】【却】【也】【能】【免】【于】【早】【早】【地】【遇】【到】【秋】【天】【。】【)】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【【】【哲】【理】【链】【接】【】】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【墙】【下】【的】【小】【草】【生】【得】【迟】【,】【枯】【得】【也】【迟】【。】【世】【间】【的】【生】【物】【,】【总】【是】【先】【生】【发】【的】【先】【衰】【亡】【,】【后】【生】【发】【的】【后】【衰】【亡】【,】【这】【是】【事】【物】【发】【展】【的】【规】【律】【。】【从】【另】【一】【个】【角】【度】【来】【说】【,】【事】【物】【都】【有】【两】【重】【性】【,】【有】【利】【的】【一】【面】【,】【也】【有】【不】【利】【的】【一】【面】【,】【小】【草】【“】【见】【春】【迟】【”】【这】【是】【不】【利】【的】【,】【但】【它】【因】【此】【也】【免】【于】【“】【逢】【秋】【早】【”】【,】【这】【又】【是】【有】【利】【的】【一】【面】【;】【好】【和】【坏】【,】【利】【与】【害】【都】【是】【对】【立】【统】【一】【的】【,】【是】【相】【对】【的】【,】【而】【不】【是】【绝】【对】【的】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】

南北战争谁赢了:帮群珍到来投减价风急到来袭新报价让利钜惠..

【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【夜】【幕】【将】【尽】【,】【天】【空】【逐】【渐】【泛】【起】【一】【缕】【灰】【白】【。】【一】【声】【凄】【婉】【的】【鸟】【叫】【声】【划】【过】【沉】【寂】【的】【山】【野】【,】【一】【只】【毛】【色】【灰】【暗】【的】【雀】【儿】【立】【在】【荆】【棘】【枝】【条】【上】【练】【嗓】【,】【把】【憋】【在】【胸】【口】【一】【天】【一】【夜】【的】【怨】【歌】【宣】【泄】【出】【来】【。】【一】【天】【之】【中】【,】【也】【只】【有】【这】【个】【时】【辰】【,】【它】【才】【能】【无】【所】【顾】【忌】【地】【操】【练】【这】【支】【早】【已】【不】【算】【悦】【耳】【的】【曲】【子】【了】【。】【随】【着】【附】【近】【山】【头】【挖】【掘】【机】【的】【轰】【鸣】【声】【,】【小】【鸟】【颤】【抖】【的】【嘶】【叫】【戛】【然】【而】【止】【,】【眼】【里】【露】【出】【浓】【浓】【的】【哀】【伤】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【这】【片】【荒】【瘠】【的】【山】【坡】【曾】【经】【也】【有】【着】【美】【丽】【的】【容】【颜】【。】【每】【当】【红】【日】【冲】【破】【薄】【雾】【,】【苍】【郁】【的】【林】【间】【便】【奏】【起】【了】【交】【响】【乐】【,】【和】【风】【吹】【拂】【着】【树】【叶】【,】【清】【水】【嬉】【戏】【着】【溪】【岸】【,】【各】【色】【的】【鸟】【儿】【在】【枝】【头】【欢】【快】【地】【跳】【上】【跃】【下】【,】【竞】【相】【卖】【弄】【着】【清】【脆】【的】【歌】【喉】【,】【呼】【吸】【着】【清】【新】【的】【空】【气】【,】【望】【着】【整】【个】【家】【族】【赖】【以】【生】【存】【的】【美】【丽】【家】【园】【,】【小】【鸟】【的】【梦】【也】【是】【甜】【的】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【然】【而】【,】【小】【鸟】【的】【梦】【被】【贪】【婪】【的】【人】【们】【吞】【噬】【了】【。】【这】【个】【安】【谧】【静】【美】【的】【梦】【被】【各】【种】【机】【器】【的】【轰】【鸣】【声】【敲】【碎】【了】【。】【葱】【郁】【的】【树】【木】【应】【声】【而】【倒】【,】【只】【剩】【下】【孤】【零】【零】【的】【树】【桩】【立】【在】【山】【坡】【上】【低】【泣】【,】【大】【地】【裸】【露】【着】【布】【满】【疮】【痍】【的】【肌】【肤】【,】【任】【凭】【风】【吹】【雨】【打】【,】【显】【得】【格】【外】【苍】【老】【。】【鸟】【儿】【们】【躲】【在】【暂】【时】【幸】【存】【的】【荆】【棘】【丛】【中】【瑟】【瑟】【发】【抖】【,】【看】【着】【人】【们】【发】【黄】【的】【脸】【上】【露】【着】【贪】【婪】【的】【笑】【,】【它】【们】【发】【出】【一】【阵】【阵】【哀】【鸣】【,】【却】【很】【快】【淹】【没】【在】【一】【片】【嘈】【杂】【声】【中】【。】【人】【们】【不】【再】【关】【注】【这】【已】【“】【变】【调】【”】【的】【曲】【子】【了】【。】【工】【厂】【的】【机】【器】【声】【,】【道】【路】【上】【的】【汽】【笛】【声】【,】【以】【及】【人】【们】【讨】【价】【还】【价】【的】【吆】【喝】【声】【,】【却】【成】【为】【了】【他】【们】【耳】【中】【“】【最】【美】【”】【的】【乐】【章】【。】【成】【沓】【的】【钞】【票】【挡】【住】【了】【昏】【黄】【的】【天】【空】【,】【漂】【浮】【着】【白】【沫】【的】【污】【水】【侵】【蚀】【着】【人】【们】【的】【思】【想】【,】【他】【们】【已】【听】【不】【见】【失】【去】【家】【园】【的】【鸟】【儿】【们】【忧】【伤】【的】【哀】【鸣】【。】【人】【们】【啊】【,】【你】【们】【都】【怎】【么】【了】【?】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【又】【是】【一】【阵】【欢】【笑】【声】【飘】【来】【,】【唤】【醒】【了】【遐】【想】【中】【的】【鸟】【儿】【,】【它】【惊】【恐】【地】【躲】【进】【唯】【一】【能】【给】【它】【遮】【风】【挡】【雨】【的】【荆】【棘】【丛】【,】【唯】【恐】【失】【去】【这】【处】【栖】【身】【之】【所】【。】【突】【然】【,】【一】【抹】【久】【违】【的】【绿】【色】【吸】【引】【了】【它】【的】【眼】【球】【,】【喉】【咙】【里】【不】【觉】【发】【出】【一】【串】【清】【脆】【的】【叫】【声】【。】【这】【些】【手】【提】【肩】【扛】【的】【人】【们】【在】【挖】【掘】【机】【翻】【过】【的】【地】【方】【栽】【上】【翠】【绿】【翠】【绿】【的】【松】【苗】【,】【鸟】【儿】【迅】【速】【钻】【出】【荆】【棘】【丛】【,】【扑】【腾】【着】【翅】【膀】【,】【好】【奇】【地】【追】【随】【着】【忙】【碌】【的】【人】【们】【,】【不】【时】【发】【出】【“】【啾】【啾】【”】【的】【欢】【叫】【,】【望】【着】【山】【坡】【上】【高】【高】【竖】【起】【的】【“】【万】【亩】【湿】【地】【松】【基】【地】【”】【告】【示】【牌】【,】【眼】【中】【满】【是】【殷】【切】【的】【期】【盼】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【夕】【阳】【西】【下】【,】【栽】【树】【的】【人】【们】【走】【远】【了】【,】【鸟】【儿】【看】【着】【满】【坡】【星】【星】【点】【点】【的】【绿】【,】【发】【出】【久】【违】【的】【清】【脆】【悦】【耳】【的】【歌】【声】【,】【那】【歌】【声】【飘】【得】【很】【远】【,】【很】【远】【…】【…】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【鸟】【儿】【们】【的】【春】【天】【终】【于】【来】【了】【!】【<】【b】【r】【>】

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